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Slovenia Facts

Important FAQ about Slovenia

Where is Slovenia?
The Republic of Slovenia is a country in central and southeastern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Austria, to the south and east by Croatia, to the northeast by Hungary, and to the west by Italy.
It also has a small coastline along the Adriatic Sea. It is in an active seismic zone and is at the junction of three important tectonic zones: the Alps, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Basin.

What is the capital of Slovenia?
Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia. It is located in the Ljubljana Basin and is the center of the City Municipality of Ljubljana. After World War II, Ljubljana became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. Many believe that the city was named after the river Ljubljanica that flows through it. It is the educational, cultural, economic, political and administrative center of Slovenia.

What is the currency of Slovenia?
The Slovenian tolar was the currency of Slovenia till January 2007. Its ISO 4217 code was SIT. On January 1, 2007, the euro replaced the Slovenian tolar.

Which is the largest city of Slovenia?
Ljubljana is the largest city of Slovenia. It is located in the central Slovenia between the Alps and the Karst. It has an estimated population of 272,220 and covers an area of 63.2 square miles.

What is the official language of Slovenia?
The official language of Slovenia is Slovene, spoken by 88% of the inhabitants. In ethnically mixed regions, Hungary and Italian are classified as official languages. Romani is a legally protected language. English, German, Italian, French and Spanish are the most popular languages in the country.

What is the religion of Slovenia?
Around 60% of the population adheres to Christianity. Islam is the second-largest religion in the country. A Jewish community is also present in the region, despite the loss they suffered during the Holocaust.

What is the literacy rate of Slovenia?
Slovenia's education is ranked the 12th best in the world and 4th best in European Union. Literacy rate in Slovenia is 99.6%. According to Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the University of Ljubljana ranks among 500 best universities in the world.

Who is the political leader of Slovenia?
Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy republic. The president is the head of the state. The prime minister is the head of the government. The executive and administrative authority is exercised by the government of Slovenia. Borut Pahor is the current president of Slovenia. He assumed office on December 23, 2007. The prime minister of the country is Borut Pahor. He is also the president of Social Democrats. He assumed office on November 21, 2008.

What is the emblem of Slovenia?
The coat of arms of Slovenia was adopted in 1991. It depicts a red-bordered blue shield, on which there is mount Triglav. Under Triglav, there are two bending lines and above it are three golden stars.

When is the national day of Slovenia celebrated?
The national day of Slovenia, often called Statehood Day, is celebrated on June 25. It commemorates the act of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. It is celebrated as a state holiday. It should not be confused with Slovenia's Independence and Unit Day, which are celebrated on December 26. On December 26, 1990 , the result of the Plebiscite was declared, in which 88.5% voters in Slovenia voted in favor of Slovenia becoming a sovereign nation.

What is the economy of Slovenia like?
Slovenia's is a high-income, developed economy. It is largely dependent on foreign trade. Trade equals about 120% of the GDP (export and import). The trade is oriented towards the European Union countries. A major part of the economy remains in the hands of the state and foreign direct investments. Its total GDP is 46.442 billion dollars.

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