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Slovenia


  • Full name: Republic of Slovenia or Republika Slovenija.
  • Capital City: Ljubljana.
  • Language: Slovenian, Croatian, Serbian, German and English.
  • Currency: Tolar.
  • Religion: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox Christian, Muslim and Protestant.
  • National Anthem: "Zdravljica" meaning 'A Toast'; and "Naprej zastava slave" meaning 'Go ahead, the Flag of Glory'.
  • Newspaper: Delo, Dnevnik, Finance, Kapital, Ljubljanske Novice, Mariborean, Mladina and Vecer.
  • Places to Visit: Adriatic Coast, Julian Alps, Ljubljana, Bled Castle, National Gallery, Predjama Castle, Skocjan Caves and Triglav National Park.

  • Transport: Airways: Easyjet and Wizz Air provide the most frequent services between Western Europe and Ljubljana. Slovenia too has a national airline called Adria Airways which has flights between Ljubljana's Brnik airport and every major European city and also Tel Aviv; Roadways: daily bus service is available between Italy and Slovenia. Buses can also be availed from Hungary, Croatia, Austria and Serbia-Montenegro;Waterways: weekend catamarans are available between April and October from Venice to Izola and back; Railways: available from Salzburg, Trieste, Amsterdam, Vienna and Zagreb into Slovenia.

  • Shopping: handmade carpets; woolens; embroidery and tapestries; lace; delicate embellished jewelry; Rogaska crystal; leather goods, especially boxes; ceramics; and wine.
    Introduction

    a fragment formed from the multinational state of Yugoslavia, Slovenia is the youngest European nation that was born in 1991 after a struggle for freedom that lasted for a short span of 10 days. Until the World War-I, the country was an integral component of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Post World War-I, when the Empire disintegrated the Slavic countries of Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia collaborated to form Yugoslavia. With time and support, however, Slovenia has come a long way in establishing a stable democracy and a secure economy.

    Location of Slovenia

    situated in a region that forms a part of the European continents most important transit routes, save for an extremely short coastline, the country of Slovenia is practically landlocked. Its more precise location of Slovenia is the central Europe. The immediate political neighbors of Slovenia are Hungary to the northeast; Croatia to the east and the south; Italy to the west; and Austria to the north. The tiny coastal region situated to the southwest of the country is bordered by the Adriatic Sea and is called the Gulf of Trieste.

    Physical Map of Slovenia

    around 40% of Slovenia's land mass comprises of elevated land - mostly in the form of mountains and plateaus - which is located in the interior regions of the country. These mountains are mostly situated near the Italian and Austrian borders to the west and northwest. The chief ranges that are located in Slovenia are the Alps, the Julian range and the Savinja range. A unique landscape feature in Slovenia is the Strunjan cliff, near the Adriatic coast, which is the highest "flysch wall" rising to some 80 meters. The other unique feature that can be witnessed in Slovenia is the 'Krast': limestone formations resulting from erosion of water. In the mountain terrain is also to be found the valleys of the country. The mountains also are the source of Slovenia's two of the most important rivers: River Drava and River Sava. Slovenia also has an extremely short coast to the southwest of the country.

    Climate of Slovenia
    The climatic condition of the country of Slovenia is largely dependent on the landscape and geographical coordinates of the country. The regions around Slovenia's tiny coast enjoy a slightly warm, but pleasant Mediterranean type of weather; while further inland in the plateaus and valleys, the summers are warmer- sometimes even hot - and the winters are cold, in fact, there is a considerable amount of experienced in the mountains of the northern regions of the country. The summer months occur between May and October.

    Flora and Fauna of Slovenia

    The country of Slovenia is well endowed with diverse species both in the category of plants and animals. Flora comprises of varieties of mosses and ferns along with a host of flowers and trees. The widespread varieties of trees are pines, junipers, sharp grass, lime trees and linden trees; aside of vineyards. Among animal life, brown bear, deer, fox, rabbit, marmots, wild boar, chamois, steinbocks, bears, loir or fat dormouse, European wild cats, Eurasian lynx, jackal, red foxes, hedgehogs and martens. Snakes, grass snakes and vipers are also found in Slovenia. Avian fauna in Slovenia comprises of several owl species like the tawny owl, the long-eared owl and the Eagle Owl. Other carnivorous birds are hawks, short-toed eagles, ravens and crows. Apart from these species, birds like magpies, woodpeckers and white storks are also a part of the avian species list in Slovenia. Marine life off the country's short coast comprise mainly of migratory varieties that use the route as a transit point. Some of the species of fish are marmorata and other trout, cetaceans and bottlenose dolphins.

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