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Finland Geography




Finland geography is an immensely interesting topic of study. The geographical features of Finland vary greatly from the other Scandinavian countries. Located in the northernmost part of the European continent,
the country is situated between Sweden and Russia. It is bordered on all sides by the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. The country shares land borders with Norway, Russia and Sweden. A small portion of this Nordic country comes under the Arctic Circle.

Finland geography concentrates on the landscape features, climatic conditions and the vegetation of the country. Finland is a country with innumerable lakes, rivers, islands and cascading waterfalls. Apart from the water bodies, most of Finland is under deep and dense forest cover. Mostly a low terrain, the country has some plains with small lakes and mountains. The country also has a long coastline, which extends to about 1,250 kilometers.

The climate of the country is another important phenomenon of the geography of Finland. The country has both continental and maritime type of climate. The winters are severely cold with temperatures dipping down well below the freezing point and abundant snowfall. The summers are warm and comfortable. The summer season in Finland is very less extending from two to three months.

Another important geographical feature of Finland is its vegetation. Coniferous forests are abundantly found in the country with varieties like pine, elm, oak, spruce, ash and linden. Wildlife is also found in these forests of Finland.



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