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Facts about Finland

ContinentEurope
Lat Long64 00 N, 26 00 E
Area338,424 km2 (130,596 sq mi)
Population5,476,922 (July 2015 est.)
CapitalHelsinki
Largest CityHelsinki
Official LanguagesFinnish, Swedish
Major ReligionLutheran 78.4%, Orthodox 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.2%, none 19.2% (2010 est.)
Form of GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentSauli Niinisto
Prime MinisterJuha Sipila
CurrencyEuro
GDP$224.846 billion (2015 estimate)
Calling Code358
Time ZoneEET (UTC+2) Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD.fi

Where is Finland?
Finland is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north, Russia in the east and Estonia in the south. It is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe (130,596 square miles).

What is the capital of Finland?
Helsinki is the capital of Finland. It is located in southern Finland in the Uusimaa region. It is the major political, financial, educational, cultural and research center of the country. In 2009 it was chosen "The World Design Capital" for 2012 by the International Council of societies of industrial Design. The inhabited sea fortress, Suomenlinna, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is the currency of Finland?
The Finnish markka was replaced by Euro in 2002. Finland is the only Nordic country to have joined the Eurozone. The ISO 4217 code of euro is EUR.

Which is the largest city of Finland?
Helsinki is the largest city of Finland. It is spread across number of islands, bays and peninsula. Major islands in Helsinki include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari and Korkeasaari. The population of the city is 588,941 and the total metropolitan area is 1,146.8 square miles. It is the most populous municipality in Finland. The original official name of Helsinki was the Swedish name Helsingfors.

What is the official language of Finland?
Finnish and Swedish are the national languages of the country. Other recognized languages are Finnish Romani, Finnish Sign Language and Sami Language. Almost 92% of the natives speak Finnish, while 6% natives speak Swedish. It is one of the only four official EU languages not of Indo-European origin.

What is the religion of Finland?
In Finland, 78.2 % of the population adheres to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland is one of the largest Lutheran churches in the world. 19.2% of the population has no religious affiliations.

What is the literacy rate of Finland?
The literacy rate of Finland is 99%.

Who is the political leader of Finland?
Finland is a representative democracy. The constitution of the country defines the political system. The president is the head of the state and is responsible for foreign policy. Tarja Halonen is the eleventh and the current president of the country. She is the first female president and has been a member of parliament from 1979 to 2000. She assumed office on March 1, 2000. Jyrki Katainen is the current prime minister of the country. He assumed office on June 22, 2011. He is also the chairman of the country's National Coalition Party.

When is the national day of Finland celebrated?
December 6 is celebrated as the national day in Finland. This day commemorates Finland's declaration of independence from the Soviet Russia. Although the country was granted freedom in 1917, it celebrated its first independence day in 1919.

What is the economy of Finland like?
Finland's is a mixed economy, and is highly industrialized. It has liberalized its economy since 1980s. Services is the largest sector, followed by manufacturing and refining. Its main trading partners are Germany, Sweden, United States of America, Russia, Netherlands, China and United Kingdom. It exports electrical and optical equipments, machinery, transport equipments, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals and timber. It imports foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, iron and steel, fabrics and textile yarn. The GDP of the country is 187.6 billion dollars.

Last Updated on: July 16th, 2018