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Finland Facts

by Vishal Kumar

Finland is located in northern Europe on the Scandinavian peninsula. Its territory covers an area of 130,596 square miles.

Continent Europe
Lat Long of Finland 64 00 N and 26 00 E
Area 338,424 km2 (130,596 sq mi)
Population of Finland 5.56 million
Capital of Finland Helsinki
Largest City of Finland Helsinki
Official Languages of Finland Finnish, Swedish
Major Religion Lutheran 78.4%, Orthodox 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.2%, none 19.2% (2010 est.)
Form of Government Parliamentary republic
President of Finland Sauli Niinisto
Prime Minister of Finland Sanna Mirella Marin
Currency Euro
GDP of Finland $266 billion
Calling Code 358
Time Zone EET (UTC+2) Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .fi


Where is Finland?

Finland is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north, Russia in the east, and Estonia in the south. It is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe (130,596 square miles).

What is the capital of Finland?

Helsinki is the capital of Finland. It is located in southern Finland in the Uusimaa region. It is the major political, financial, educational, cultural, and research center of the country. In 2009 it was chosen as “The World Design Capital” for 2012 by the International Council of societies of industrial Design. The inhabited sea fortress, Suomenlinna, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is the currency of Finland?

The Finnish markka was replaced by Euro in 2002. Finland is the only Nordic country to have joined the Eurozone. The ISO 4217 code of euro is EUR.

Which is the largest city in Finland?

Helsinki is the largest city in Finland. It is spread across a number of islands, bays, and peninsulas. Major islands in Helsinki include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari and Korkeasaari. The population of the city is 1.33 million and the total metropolitan area is 1,146.8 square miles. It is the most populous municipality in Finland. The original official name of Helsinki was the Swedish name Helsingfors.

What is the official language of Finland?

Finnish and Swedish are the national languages of the country. Other recognized languages are Finnish Romani, Finnish Sign Language, and Sami Language. Almost 92% of the natives speak Finnish, while 6% of the natives speak Swedish. It is one of the only four official EU languages not of Indo-European origin.

What is the religion of Finland?

In Finland, 78.2 % of the population adheres to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland is one of the largest Lutheran churches in the world. 19.2% of the population has no religious affiliations.

What is the literacy rate of Finland?

The literacy rate of Finland is 99%.

Who is the political leader of Finland?

Finland is a representative democracy. The constitution of the country defines the political system. The president is the head of the state and is responsible for foreign policy. Sauli Niinisto is the current president of the country. He assumed office on March 1, 2012. Sanna Mirella Marin is the current prime minister of the country. She assumed office on December 8, 2019. She is also the chairman of the country’s Social Democratic Party.

When is the national day of Finland celebrated?

December 6 is celebrated as the national day in Finland. This day commemorates Finland’s declaration of independence from Soviet Russia. Although the country was granted freedom in 1917, it celebrated its first independence day in 1919.

What is the economy of Finland like?

Finland is a mixed economy and is highly industrialized. It has liberalized its economy since the 1980s. Services is the largest sector, followed by manufacturing and refining. Its main trading partners are Germany, Sweden, the United States of America, Russia, the Netherlands, China, and the United Kingdom. It exports electrical and optical equipment, machinery, transport equipment, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals, and timber. It imports foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, iron and steel, fabrics, and textile yarn. The GDP of the country is expected to reach 266 billion dollars.

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