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Austria Facts

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Where is Austria?
The Republic of Austria is located in Central Europe. This landlocked country shares its borders with Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
How did Austria get its name?
Austria is a Latinisation of the German name, Osterreich, and was recorded in the 12th century. Osterreich is the German name for Austria and means "Eastern Borderlands".

How big is Austria?
Austria covers an area of 32,337 square miles and its geographic coordinates are 47 20N, 13 20E. As of 2011, the population of Austria was 8,414,638.

What is the currency of Austria?
Euro is the currency of Austria. Its ISO 4217 code is EUR. It is the second-largest reserve currency and is issued by European Central Bank.

What is the capital of Austria?
Vienna is the capital of Austria. It is the most important city of the republic since it is the cultural, economic, and political center. It is located in the eastern region of Austria and is often called "The City of Dreams". The city center has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Which is the largest city of Austria?
Vienna, the capital of Austria, is the largest city of Austria. Its geographic coordinates are 48 12N, 16 22E. It covers an area of 160.1 square miles and has an estimated population of 1,712,412.

What is the official language of Austria?
The official language of Austria is German. It is used in education, publication, and websites. Other languages spoken in the country are Turkish, Serbian, Croatian, Hungarian, Slovenian, and Bosnian.

What is the religion of Austria?
Almost 74% of the population of Austria is Roman Catholic, while around 5% of the population is Protestant. Also, 12% of the population has no religious affiliations, and the rest of the population comprises Muslims, Jews, and Jehovah's Witnesses.

What is the literacy rate of Austria?
The total literacy rate of Austria is 99%.


Who is the political leader of Austria?
Since July 8, 2004, Heinz Fischer has been the President of Austria. Werner Faymann is the current Chancellor of Austria. He assumed office on December 02, 2008.

When is the National Day of Austria celebrated?
October 26 is celebrated as the National Day in Austria. After the Second World War, the Austrian State Treaty was signed in 1955. This treaty ended the occupation of Austria and recognized it as an independent and sovereign state.


What is the economy of Austria like?
In terms of GDP, Austria is among the 12 richest countries. In 2009, its GDP was $361.791 billion, while its per capita income in 2011 was $41,800. The unemployment rate stands at 4.3%. Services sector accounts for 65.8% of the GDP, followed by industry: 32.3%, and agriculture: 1.7%. Major industries of Austria are construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, and tourism. Major trading partners are Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Netherlands, and United States.
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