Description about Map : - The island country of New Zealand with 16 regions and 1 territory located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Spread over an area of 103,483 sq miles in Oceania. Wellington in the North Island is the capital city. New Zealand is a popular tourist destination with a number of national parts and green verdant areas such as the Albert Park and Ahen Park, TeUrewera National Park, Tongariro National Park, Ergmont National Park, Abel Tasman National Park, and Dawson Falls. Other important points of attraction in the country are Fox and Franz Joseph Glaciers, Rotorua Hot Springs, ManukaCrecent Reserve, Aorangi Island, Poor Knights Islands Marine Reserve, and Skytower. Wellington also houses the country’s major international airportNew Zealand
New Zealand is noted for its charming and rich history, which reflects its perfect blend of European and Maori culture. The primary inhabitants of New Zealand were the Maori, who came far-off from Hawaiki, approximately 1,000 years before.
Therefore, in 1642, Tasman named New Zealand as Staten Landt believing that it might be connected to Staten Landt, near Cape Horn, at South America's southern tip. Then, Dutch cartographers, in 1645, bestowed the name Nova Zeelandia, after the Dutch territory of Zeeland. However, subsequently James Cook, the British explorer anglicized the name to New Zealand.
Neighboring Countries and Major cities
New Zealand’s geography consists of two islands, namely, the South Islands and the North Islands. Besides, one will also come by various smaller islands that are centrally located in the water hemisphere. The neighboring countries of New Zealand are Fiji and Tonga to the north and Australia to the northwest. Besides, the country is also home to some major cities, including, Wellington, Auckland, Dunedin, Christchurch, Palmerston North, and Hamilton.
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The country is located approximately 1,600 km from Polynesia and Australia. The primary islands of this country are the North and South Islands, Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, Great Barrier Island, D'Urville Island, and Waiheke Island. With more than 700 offshore islands, the country can very well termed as an archipelago. The country is also home to several rivers, mountain peaks, and sea ports.
The longest rivers in New Zealand are:
- Waikato River (North Island) - 425 km
- Clutha River or Matau River (South Island) - 322 km
- Whanganui River (North Island) - 290 km
- Taieri River (South Island) - 288 km
- Rangitikei River (North Island) - 241 km
- Mataura River (South Island) - 240 km
- Waiau River, Southland (South Island) - 217 km
- Clarence River (South Island) - 209 km
- Waitaki River (South Island) - 209 km
- Oreti River (South Island) - 203 km
The highest mountain ranges are located within the Southern Alps that in turn form the essential backbone of the South Island. Some of the noted mountain peaks, which add to the popularity of New Zealand are as follows:
- Aoraki/Mount Cook - 3,724 meters
- Mount Tasman - 3,497 meters
- Mount Dampier - 3,440 meters
- Mount Vancouver - 3,309 meters
- Silberhorn - 3,300 meters
- Malte Brun - 3,198 meters
- Mount Hicks - 3,198 meters
- Mount Lendenfeld - 3,194 meters
- Mount Graham - 3,184 meters
- Torres Peak - 3,160 meters
When it comes to sea ports, the country never disappoints. On the tour to New Zealand one can witness multiple sea ports, including, Port of Napier, Port Chalmers, Timaru, and Tauranga.
Other Physical Features
New Zealand is located on the boundary of the Pacific tectonic plates and Indo-Australian plates. In fact, it is due to its position that the country is prone to volcanic activity and earthquakes. In fact, the Southern Alps has resulted from the meeting of the above two plates.
Points of Interest
Each destination in New Zealand has its own unique charm. If one is in search of some fabulous urban panoramas here, then some of the options that one can have are:
- Mount Eden, Auckland
- One Tree Hill, Auckland
- Mount Victoria, Wellington
- Top of the Port Hills, Christchurch
- Flagstaff Hill, Dunedin
Other scenic highlights are a bit difficult to get through, but then with some efforts on one's part, one is sure to get the best of this country. Hence, if one has sufficient time, make sure to visit Mount Hikurangi on East Cape and Mount Iron in Wanaka. Besides, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki and the unusual boulders at Moeraki are something that one cannot afford to miss out on. On a leisure day, one can also take a stroll by the streets of Katikati and explore the murals that speak of the town’s rich and varied history.
The country’s national parks embrace over 30,000 square km and most visitors plan their holidays simply to explore the natural wonders of these parks. On a tour to New Zealand, ensure planning to visit the famous parks, including, Te Urewera, Tongariro, Whanganui, Egmont, Abel Tasman, and Kahurangi.
If one is in love with the idea of flirting with the waves, then New Zealand promises to offer some of the best beach destinations ever. The popular beaches that are worth visiting are:
- Bay of Islands, Northland
- Mount Maunganui, Bay of Plenty
- Raglan, Hamilton-Waikato
- Tawharanui, Auckland
- The Coromandel, Auckland
- Abel Tasman National Park, Nelson
- Piha, Auckland
By Air: The country is well connected through its three global airports at Christchurch, Wellington, and Auckland. Flights can also be availed from East Australia and it takes about 3.5 hours to fly to either of the international airports and to Dunedin, Queenstown, Palmerston North or Hamilton. One can also avail direct flights to New Zealand from Europe and the United States.
By Sea: Another way through which one can reach New Zealand is by sea. One can either go in for a cruise liner or a yacht for reaching this destination. Besides, tourists also have the option of owning their personal boats. There are certain cruises that can be availed from different places in America and Australia to New Zealand. The best time to travel by sea from Fiji is perhaps in the months from October to November. On the other hand, if one plans a boat tour from Australia, then the months from March to April work wonders.
Last Update On : June 19, 2014
Official Name Newzealand
Lat Long-41.283333, 174.45
Official LanguageEnglish, Scottish Gaelic, Scots
National daySt Andrew's Day - November 30
Form of GovernmentDevolved government within a constitutional monarchy
PresidentQueen Elizabeth II ( Monarch)
Prime MinisterJohn Key
GDP139.774 billion (2010 estimate)
Time ZoneNZST (UTC+12)