More Grenada Maps
Grenada's population is about 82 percent black, about 13 percent mixed, and the remaining percentage is divided between Europeans and native East Indians. The official languages of the island are English and also Grenadian Creole, which is based on English but incorporates Indian and African languages as well as French. Granadian Creole French is also spoken in rural parts of Grenada, and is known as Patois. The predominant religion in Grenada is Christianity, with minorities of Rastafarians, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhist, and Baha'i.
Grenada was inhabited by its native Island Caribs before European contact. Europeans arrived in Grenada around 1500, but a colony was not formed on the island until 1649, when the French founded their settlement. The French took over the island, naming it La Grenade, leading to the indigenous people either perishing or fleeing to neighboring islands. The French cultivated sugar cane and indigo, and established Fort Royal as their capital. After the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Grenada fell under British rule until the French captured it once again during the American Revolution. Grenada was restored as British colony in the 1783 Treaty of Versailles and became a Crown colony in 1877. The British cultivated nutmeg on the island, lending Grenada the nickname “Spice Island” and today, Grenada supplies about 40 percent of the world's nutmeg supply. Grenada was granted independence from the United Kingdom in 1974.
Last Updated On : March 14, 2013
Facts about Grenada
Latitude and Longitude12.2826° N, 61.7170° W
Population109,011 (July 2012 est.)
Area344 sq km (132.8 sq miles)
LanguagesEnglish (official), French patois
Time Zone (UTC−4)
International AirportMaurice Bishop International Airport connect
National HolidayIndependence Day, 7 February (1974)
National anthemHail Grenada