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Georgia is a mountainous country which is located at the Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its world 120th largest country having area of 26,911 square miles. It lies between latitudes 41° and 44° N, and longitudes 40° and 47° E.
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Georgia is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It shares its borders with Russia on the north, Turkey and Armenia on the south, Azerbaijan on the south-east. The Black Sea bounds the country on the west.

The total area covered by the country is 26,911 square miles. Georgia has a population of almost 4.7 million. Georgia was a conglomeration of many independent kingdoms in the classical era.

In the twelfth century, Georgia was unified when King David IV and Queen Tamar came to power. This period is known as the Georgian Renaissance and is marked by rapid development in fields of philosophy, and other political innovations.

Georgia was annexed by Russia in the early years of the nineteenth century. On May 26, 1918 after the Russian Revolution, Georgia was declared independent. However, the country was again captured by Soviet Russia in 1921 and became part of the Soviet Union.

Final independence to Georgia was granted in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, and functions in the framework of a representative democracy, where the President is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government.

Having faced a deep economic crisis in the 1990s, Georgia has fast recovered its finances with major concentration in agriculture and tourism. Georgia is home to more than two thousand mineral springs, and over twelve thousand historical and cultural monuments. Bagrati Cathedral in Kutaisi and Gelati Monastery; historical monuments of Mtskheta, and Upper Svaneti; the Georgian Military Highway, and Uplistsikhe are the major attractions in Georgia.



The official flag of Georgia is having white base and five red color cross. It was adopted on January 25, 2004.
ContinentEurope
Lat Long41.716667, 44.783333
CapitalTbilisi
Largest CityTbilisi
Official LanguageGeorgian
Major ReligionGeorgian Orthodox (Christian)
Form of GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentGiorgi Margvelashvili
Prime MinisterIrakli Garibashvili
CurrencyLari (?) (GEL)
GDP$26.348 billion 2012 estimate
Calling code995
Time ZoneGET (UTC+4)
Internet TLD.ge