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In the twelfth century, Georgia was unified when King David IV and Queen Tamar came to power. This period is known as the Georgian Renaissance and is marked by rapid development in fields of philosophy, and other political innovations.
Georgia was annexed by Russia in the early years of the nineteenth century. On May 26, 1918 after the Russian Revolution, Georgia was declared independent. However, the country was again captured by Soviet Russia in 1921 and became part of the Soviet Union.
Final independence to Georgia was granted in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, and functions in the framework of a representative democracy, where the President is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government.
Having faced a deep economic crisis in the 1990s, Georgia has fast recovered its finances with major concentration in agriculture and tourism. Georgia is home to more than two thousand mineral springs, and over twelve thousand historical and cultural monuments. Bagrati Cathedral in Kutaisi and Gelati Monastery; historical monuments of Mtskheta, and Upper Svaneti; the Georgian Military Highway, and Uplistsikhe are the major attractions in Georgia.
Area26,911 sq mi
CurrencyLari (ლ) (GEL)
Prime MinisterBoris Ivanishvili