More Maps of El Salvador
El Salvador experienced a long period of political instability, which ended with a coup d'etat in 1931, which saw years of internal conflict. Another revolution took place in 1979, followed by years of guerrilla warfare between several groups within El Salvador, finally ending with peace agreements in 1992.
Neighboring Countries :
Major Cities :
- San Salvador (capital)
- San Miguel
- Santa Ana
El Salvador is both the smallest country in Central America and also the most densely populated. El Salvador is the isthmus of Central America, and is the only Central American country without coastline on the Caribbean, and only touching the Pacific Ocean.
Situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire, tectonic activity has made the region a hotspot for earthquakes and volcanoes, with over 20 volcanoes in El Salvador. Two of El Salvador's volcanoes are active, which are called San Miguel and Izalco. The seismic activity also created mountains in El Salvador, the highest of which is Cerro El Pital along the Honduras border. Cerro El Pital is the highest point of El Salvador, with an elevation of 2,730 meters (8,957 feet). The volcanoes and earthquakes also created the scenic Coatepeque Caldera, and crater lakes, Lake Ilopango, and Lake Guija, the largest natural lake in El Salvador.
This small country has over 300 rivers, most significantly Rio Lempa, which first travels through Guatemala and then through the mountains of El Salvador. Other smaller rivers are Goascoran, Jiboa, Torola, Paz, Rio Grande de San Miguel.
Points of Interest :
El Salvador's beaches are one of its biggest tourist draws, particularly those in San Miguel, like Playa Las Flores, El Esteron, and Intipuca. The great outdoors of El Salvador's greatest resource, with gorgeous natural wonders, waterfalls, hot springs, and plenty of water sports and hiking opportunities.
There are also many scenic landscapes, including those preserved in Cerro Verde National Park and El Imposible National Park. The volcanoes are another natural site worth visiting, and Chaparrastique is a popular one to hike because of its volcanic activity.
El Salvador's main airport is called El Salvador International Airport, which is located near the beach in Comalapa. Other options to enter El Salvador include driving along the Pan-American highway, which is safe and fairly well maintained, or by bus, for those who are looking for some adventure and new experiences. There is no train service in El Salvador.
Within cities, there are options of local buses and taxis, and sometimes walking in cities with close attractions. Renting a car is a good option for visitors, as some of the destinations can be difficult to reach otherwise.
Last Updated On : September 06, 2013
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The official flag of El Salvador was adopted on May 17, 1912. There are two versions of the flag, one containing the national coat of arms and the other the words "DIOS UNION LIBERTAD" (Spanish: God, Union, Liberty). The one bearing the coat of arms is used by the government and state organizations. The other version is used for civil purposes. Both flags have a 3:5 aspect ratio.
Official Name Republic of El Salvador
Largest CitySan Salvador
Major ReligionChristianity -Islam -Traditional religion -Hinduism
National daySeptember 15, 1821 (From Spain)
Form of GovernmentPresidential Constitutional Republic
PresidentSalvador Sánchez Cerén
Vice PresidentOscar Ortiz
CurrencyU.S. dollar (USD) ($)
GDP$44.576 billion (2011 Est.)
Time ZoneCST (UTC-6)