The Republic of El Salvador (meaning "Republic of the Savior" in Spanish) is a small nation in Central America. The early people of El Salvador included the Pipil, an indigenous tribe with Aztec origins, as well as other tribes such as the Lenca. There is also archaeological evidence of the Mayans in several locations in El Salvador.
European explorers arrived in El Salvador in the early 1500s, attempting to settle the area but failing. Spaniard Pedro de Alvarado made a second attempt to conquer the people of El Salvador in 1525 and was successful, with the formation of the town of San Miguel. The Spanish were met with continued resistance from the natives, but the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the 16th century and colonized, calling the land El Salvador. A movement for independence officially began in 1811, followed by another attempt in 1814 and in 1821, Spain signed the freedom act, granting sovereignty to several of its Latin American colonies, including El Salvador. El Salvador joined with neighboring nations, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua to become the Federal Republic of Central America until it dissolved, and in 1896 the nation formed a union with Honduras and Nicaragua only, called the Greater Republic of Central America.
El Salvador experienced a long period of political instability, which ended with a coup d'etat in 1931, which saw years of internal conflict. Another revolution took place in 1979, followed by years of guerrilla warfare between several groups within El Salvador, finally ending with peace agreements in 1992.
Neighboring Countries :
El Salvador also has borders on the Pacific and Gulf of Fonseca, and across this body of water is Nicaragua.
Major Cities :
- San Salvador (capital)
- San Miguel
- Santa Ana
El Salvador is both the smallest country in Central America and also the most densely populated. El Salvador is the isthmus of Central America, and is the only Central American country without coastline on the Caribbean, and only touching the Pacific Ocean.
Situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire, tectonic activity has made the region a hotspot for earthquakes and volcanoes, with over 20 volcanoes in El Salvador. Two of El Salvador's volcanoes are active, which are called San Miguel and Izalco. The seismic activity also created mountains in El Salvador, the highest of which is Cerro El Pital along the Honduras border. Cerro El Pital is the highest point of El Salvador, with an elevation of 2,730 meters (8,957 feet). The volcanoes and earthquakes also created the scenic Coatepeque Caldera, and crater lakes, Lake Ilopango, and Lake Guija, the largest natural lake in El Salvador.
This small country has over 300 rivers, most significantly Rio Lempa, which first travels through Guatemala and then through the mountains of El Salvador. Other smaller rivers are Goascoran, Jiboa, Torola, Paz, Rio Grande de San Miguel.
Points of Interest :
El Salvador's beaches are one of its biggest tourist draws, particularly those in San Miguel, like Playa Las Flores, El Esteron, and Intipuca. The great outdoors of El Salvador's greatest resource, with gorgeous natural wonders, waterfalls, hot springs, and plenty of water sports and hiking opportunities.
There are also many scenic landscapes, including those preserved in Cerro Verde National Park and El Imposible National Park. The volcanoes are another natural site worth visiting, and Chaparrastique is a popular one to hike because of its volcanic activity.
El Salvador's main airport is called El Salvador International Airport, which is located near the beach in Comalapa. Other options to enter El Salvador include driving along the Pan-American highway, which is safe and fairly well maintained, or by bus, for those who are looking for some adventure and new experiences. There is no train service in El Salvador.
Within cities, there are options of local buses and taxis, and sometimes walking in cities with close attractions. Renting a car is a good option for visitors, as some of the destinations can be difficult to reach otherwise.
Last Updated on: February 24, 2020