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Facts about El Salvador





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Where is El Salvador ?
The Republic of El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. The easternmost region of the country lies on the Gulf of Fonesca. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, Guatemala to the north and Honduras to the east. It is the most densely populated country in Central America.

What is the capital of El Salvador ?
San Salvador is the capital of the country. San Salvador means "Holy Savior". Its complete name is La Ciudad de Gran San Salvador (The City of the Great Holy Savior). It is also called The Valley of the Hammocks, because it is surrounded by volcanoes and is prone to earthquakes. Major landmarks of the city are: Metropolitan Cathedral, The Presidential Mansion, The National Palace and the National Theatre of El Salvador.

What is the currency of El Salvador ?
The Salvadoran colon was the currency of El Salvador from 1892 to 2001. Its ISO 4217 code was SVC. It was substituted by the US Dollar in 2001. The ISO 4217 code of US Dollar is USD.

Which is the largest city of El Salvador ?
San Salvador is the largest city of El Salvador. The city has the third largest population in Central America. Greater San Salvador is the second-most-populated metropolitan area in the region. The estimated population of the metropolitan area is 2,290,790, and it covers an area of 239.7 square miles.

What is the official language of El Salvador ?
Central American Spanish is the official language. It is spoken by majority of the inhabitants. However, there are some indigenous people who speak their mother tongues. English is also spoken, while German, Dutch and French are taught as secondary languages in private international schools.

What is the religion of El Salvador ?
Christianity is the dominant religion of the country. Mormonism and Pentecostalism are other notable non-catholic faiths. Islam, Judaism, and Jehovah's Witnesses are the minority religions.

What is the literacy rate of El Salvador ?
Literacy rate in El-Salvador is 82%. Education is free up to high school.

Who is the political leader of El Salvador ?
El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic. The president of the country is both the head of the government and the head of the state. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the Legislative Assembly and the government. Mauricio Funes is the current President of El Salvador. He won the presidential elections in 2009 and assumed office on June 1, 2009. Salvador Sanchez Ceren is the vice president of the country. He assumed office on June1, 2009.

What is the emblem of El Salvador ?
The Emblem of El Salvador consist of a triangle at the center. The triangle depicts five volcanoes on the sea. Above the volcanoes is a red Phrygian cap on a staff before a golden sun, and the independence date of the country: September 15, 1821. Over the sun is a rainbow. Behind the emblem are five flags and under it is a scroll which has the national motto of the country: Dios, Union, Libertad ( God, Union, Liberty). All of this is surrounded by a laurel garland tied together beneath the national flag. The emblem was adopted on September 15,1912.

When is the National Day of El Salvador celebrated ?
The national day of El Salvador is celebrated on September 15. El Salvador claimed its freedom on September 15, 1821, ending the 300 years of Spanish rule. Parades are the part of the Independence Day celebration.

What is the economy of El Salvador like ?
El Salvador has the third-largest economy in Central America. It has been the most industrialized country in the region. The service sector, at 60.1%, is the major component of GDP. The largest trade flows are with United States of America, Guatemala, China, and Honduras. El Salvador exports coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals and electricity. It imports raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, petroleum and electricity.

Interesting facts about El salvador
Fact 1It has the third largest economy in Central America (behind Costa Rica and Panama).
Fact 2It is known as the "Land of the Volcanoes" because of the more than 20 volcanoes in the territory. Two of them are currently active.
Fact 3It has a population of almost 7 millions in an area slightly smaller than the state of Massachusetts (or Wales). This fact makes El Salvador the most densely populated country in the Americas.
Spanish is the official language but Nahuatl is still spoken in some regions.
Fact 4Salvadorans are extremely friendly, warm and hospitable.
Fact 564% of the population lives in urban areas.
Fact 6The national bird is known as the torogoz (turquoise-browed motmot).
Fact 7Tourism is the fastest growing sector of the Salvadoran economy.
Fact 8Coffee is considered an important pillar of the economy.
Fact 9Four species of sea turtles make the coasts of El Salvador their home.
Fact 10The country has declared five national parks: El Imposible, Cerro Verde, El Boqueron, Conchagua and Montecristo.
Fact 11The national soccer team has attended the FIFA World Cup two times.
Fact 12International surfing competitions have taken place in El Salvador because of its beaches.  It is common to see people with surfing boards at the international airport.
Fact 13There is one UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country: Joya de Ceren.  This site was buried in ashes by a volcanic eruption and it is considered the "Pompeii of the Americas."
Fact 14It has the largest mall and airport in Central America.
Fact 15The national dish is the famous pupusa (which dates from pre-Columbian times).
Fact 16El Salvador is one of the world's most famous surfing destinations in the Pacific coast
Fact 17El Salvador is the smallest and the most populated country in Central America.
Fact 18Metrocentro Mall the largest shopping center in Central America is located in San Salvador the capital of El Salvador.
Fact 19El Salvador is a country with the lowest birth rate in Central American, but also suffers from the highest death rate.
Fact 20El Salvador is one of the countries with the highest murder rate in the world
Fact 21The cell phone density is one of the largest in the world (125 per 100 persons).
Fact 22The football war also known as the 100 Hour War was broken out between El Salvador and Honduras in 1969.
Fact 23The Santa Ana volcano is at an altitude of 2,381 meters, it is the highest point in El Salvador.
Fact 24Izalco volcano has the reputation of "lighthouse of El Salvador", it can direct the course of ships sailing on the Pacific Ocean
Fact 25El Salvadoris the only country with no Caribbean coastline in Central America.
Fact 26Alegria is a small mountain city in El Salvador, it is the floral heart of Salvador, also famous for its handmade craft.
Fact 27The leatherback turtle, the olive ridley, the hawksbill and the green sea turtle are the four species of sea turtle nesting on the coast of El Salvador.
Fact 28Salvadoran women usually don't shake hands when they meet each other, they often pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder.
Last Updated on: May 05, 2016


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