Some of the major rivers of Texas are described below. You can locate all these rivers on a detailed Texas River Map.
Rio Grande : The Rio Grande River creates a natural boundary with the Mexican states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, Tamaulipas, and Nuevo Leon to the south. It is also the biggest river in the state. The length of the river is 1,896 miles or 3,051 km. The source of the river is Canby Mountain, Continental Divide. The itinerary of the river extends from southwestern Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. It also creates a significant portion of the boundary between the United States and Mexico. The river is also known in various names such as Rio Bravo or Rio Bravo del Norte. The length of the river varies as its itinerary varies. The tributaries of the Rio Grande River are as follows:
- Santa Fe River
- Red River
- Terlingua Creek
- Alamito Creek
- Devils River
- Pecos River
- Rio Chama
- Conejos River
- Salado River
- Rio Conchos
- San Juan River
- Rio Alamo
The Red River - The Red River creates a natural boundary with Arkansas and Oklahoma to the north. This famous river is also known as the Red River of the South. It is an important tributary of the Atchafalaya and Mississippi Rivers, lying in the southern region in the United States. The name of the river originates from the red beds of its drainage basin. Its catchment area is the second biggest catchment area in the southern Great Plains. The length of the river is 1,360 miles (2,189 km). The river passes through the U.S. states of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. The drainage basin of the river covers an area of 65,595 sq miles (169,890 km).
The source of the Red River is located at the meeting point of Prairie Dog Town Fork and Buck Creek. The tributaries of the Red River are as follows:
The Pecos River - The source of the Pecos River is situated to the north of Pecos in New Mexico. The length of the river is 926 miles (1,490 km). The Pecos River pours into Rio Grande, close to Del Rio. The watershed of the river covers an area of 44,402 sq miles (115,001 km).
The Brazos River: The Brazos River is the eleventh longest river in the United States and the longest river in Texas. The length of the river is 1,280 miles and its source is located in the Blackwater Draw, New Mexico. The river empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The river features a catchment area of 44,800 sq miles (116,000 km).
The Colorado River: The Colorado River is a long river in the state of Texas. It is also the 18th longest river in the country. The length of the river is 862 miles (1,387 km). The source of the river is located in Dawson County. The river runs through Marble Falls, Bastrop, Austin, La Grange, Smithville, Wharton, Columbus, and Bay City. The Colorado River pours into the Gulf of Mexico. The drainage basin of the river encompasses 39,900 sq miles (103,341 km).