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English, Malay, Chinese, and Tamil serve as the official languages of Singapore.
Independence, Republic, and Government
Singapore was originally a part of the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. Later, the Sultanate of Johor, and Portuguese and Dutch powers established their dominance here. In the 19th century, it came under British rule. It gained independence on 31 August 1963 and merged with Malaysia, the following month. In 1965 Singapore broke away from the Malaysian Federation and soon became a republic. The Prime Minister is the leader of the government of Singapore. The President is the ceremonial Head of the State. General suffrage decides the fate of the Presidential candidates. The People's Action Party (PAP) is the main political party of Singapore. The Parliament of Singapore is the legislative wing of the country. It includes elected and nominated members. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial bench of Singapore. The current President of Singapore is Mr Tony Tan Keng Yam, while the Prime Minister is Lee Hsien Loong.
Top Cities of Singapore
Singapore is a city-state, with Singapore being the sole city, located on Singapore island, also called Pulau Ujong. A further 63 islands make up the city-state of Singapore. Some of the other islands are Jurong Island, Sentosa, Pulau Tekong, and Pulau Ubin. Land reclamation projects, including merging small islands is an ongoing process in Singapore.
City of Singapore: The City of Singapore is the capital of the city-state. It has a world-famous sea-port. Singapore is also known as the "Lion city" and the "Garden city". It houses a substantial number of foreign entrepreneurs. Electronics, refined petroleum, chemical products, machines and medicines are some major productions of this city. The city of Singapore is also a world-famous tourism center.
Culture and Heritage
The culture and heritage of Singapore is a collage of the essence of several countries. The amalgamation of Chinese, Indian, Malayan, and European colors can be perceived here. Chinese New Year, Buddhist Vesak Day, Muslim Eid ul-Fitr, and Hindu Diwali paint an eventful calendar of Singapore. Various folk traditions have formed the ethnic musical world of Singapore. Esplanade - Theaters on the Bay is the main center of performing arts. It hosts the National Day Parade to commemorate Singapore's independence.
Singapore is an attractive land of both natural treasures and modern wonders. The Merlion (statue with the head of a lion and body of a fish) is the emblem of the Singapore Tourism Board (STB). Apart from this statue, some other major attractions of the tourism of Singapore include:
- Underwater World
- Night Safari
- Statue of Sir Stamford Raffles (Singapore's founder)
- Changi Chapel and Museum
- Sentosa Island Resort
- East Coast Park
- Jurong Bird Park
- Singapore Botanic Gardens