Nigeria, located in West Africa, was first inhabited many thousand years ago, and is now the most populous country in Africa, known for its rich culture.
Excavations revealed that human habitation of the region of present-day Nigeria dates back to 9,000 BC. During the colonial era, Nigeria had trade relations with the Spaniards and Portuguese. In 1900, Nigeria came under British control, but gained independence on October 1, 1960.
Nigeria is an oil-rich country, but political instability, shortage of infrastructure, and corruption have hampered the country’s economy severely. However, in 2008 Nigeria began economic reforms and is now classified as a mixed economy emerging market. The oil industry accounts for 95% of foreign-exchange income and around 80% of the budgetary income.
After independence, the Nigerian government began working on its education system. Universal primary education was introduced after the Civil War of 1967. Education in Nigeria has three levels – primary, secondary and higher.
Last Updated On : October 04, 2012