Amman has been inhabited by several civilizations. The first civilization is during the Neolithic period when archaeological discoveries were made in the city. In the 13th century the city was called "Rabbath Ammon" or "Rabat Amon". Then the city became part of the Nabataean kingdom until 106AD when Philadelphia came under Roman control and joined the Decapolis. Philadelphia was renamed to Amman during the Ghassanian era and flourished under the Caliphates of Damascus and Bagdad. The city's population continues to expand at a dizzying pace. During the last 10 years the amount of new building within the city has increased with new districts of the city being founded at a very rapid pace.
Amman Tourist Attractions:
Amman is a pleasant city and a vibrant place with its own history, culture and monuments. There numerous tourist attractions in Amman. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Amman include:
- The Baptism Site - located on the River Jordan where Jesus is believed to have been baptized by John the Baptist.
- The Citadel Hill - it has been there in the city for centuries significant as a military and religious site.
- Dead Sea - The unique ultra saline waters of the city.
- The Roman Amphitheater - it is the main attraction in the center of the city from the second century AD.
- Jebel el Qalat - it is a place in Amman which houses the Archaeological Museum, the National Gallery of Fine Arts and Popular Museum of Costume and Jewelry.
Amman is often referred to as the "white city". With the extensive modern building projects, Amman is now well equipped with both luxury and budget hotels. The restaurants serve Amman cuisine, which is hot, creamy and spicy. Markets and a recently set up shopping mall are good places to pick up souvenirs, which provides a taste of a more traditional city. Some popular hotels in Amman are:
- Grand Hyatt Amman
- Le Royal Amman
- Sherton Amman Al Nabil Hotel & Towers
- Four Seasons Amman
- Mariott Amman
Amman being the capital city of Jordan is accessible easily by road, with frequent car, bus and van trips from the airport and the city.