Politically, economically and culturally, the city of Prague has been the hub of Czech Republic for over 11 centuries. Situated on the banks of the Vltava River in central Bohemia, the city proper is home to over 1.2 million people.
Covering an area of 866 hectares, the historic city center of Prague has been justly declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The city is also bestowed with phrases like 'the mother of cities', 'city of a hundred spires' and 'the golden city'. The city is full of historical monuments, chateaux, castles and the bounty of nature. The city is divided into four areas, the Stare Mesto or Old Town with the Old Town Square, the Nove Mesto or New Town with Wenceslas Square and, the Mala Strana or Lesser Quarter and the Josefov or Jewish Quarter.