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Facts about Moldova

What is the capital of Moldova?
Chisinau is the capital and the largest city of Moldova. Located in the middle of the country, on the river Bîc, Chisinau is the main industrial and commercial center of the country.

Chisinau is the most economically prosperous locality in Moldova, and its largest transportation hub. It has a population of 664,700.

Where is Moldova?
Moldova is a state in Eastern Europe. The country is landlocked, even though it is very close to the Black Sea.

What countries border Moldova?
Moldova is bordered by Romania on the west and Ukraine on the north, east and south.

What are the administrative divisions of Moldova?
Moldova is divided into thirty-two districts, three municipalities and two autonomous regions.

Moldova has 65 cities, including the five with municipality status, and 917 communes.

Who or what is Moldova named after?
The Principality of Moldava was founded in 1359. The political center was located in the valley of Moldova River. The origin of the river's name is not clear. One theory is that Prince Dragos named the river after his dog Molda. Molda is reported to have drowned in it after an exhausted hunt.

Who are the political leaders of Moldova?
President: Marian Lupu

Prime Minister: Vlad Filat

What currency is used in Moldova?
The Moldovan Leu, denoted by the ISO symbol, MDL, is the official currency of Moldova.

The Moldovan leu was adopted on 29 November 1993, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the creation of the independent republic of Moldova.

What is the official language of Moldova?
Moldovan/Romanian) is the official language of Moldova. Russian is also widely spoken in the country, both as a first and second language. Ukrainian and Gagauz are recognized minority languages.

What is the religion of Moldova?
The Republic of Moldova propagates freedom in religion. However, Moldova mainly recognizes two religions; namely, Christianity and Judaism.

When was Moldova created?
Moldova became a part of the Russian Empire, under the name of Bessarabia, in the year 1812.

Bessarabia joined Romania in 1917-1918, after the Russian Empire was dissolved. In 1940, the Soviet Union occupied Bessarabia. Later, it was split between the Ukrainian SSR and the newly-created Moldavian SSR. Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II.

Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic.



What is the economy of Moldova like?
Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe despite recent progress from its small economic base. Moldova's dependence on Russian energy was underscored at the end of 2005, when a Russian-owned electrical station in Moldova's separatist Transnistria region cut off power to Moldova.

The onset of the global financial crisis and poor economic conditions in Moldova's main foreign markets, caused GDP to fall 6.5% in 2009. Economic reforms have been slow because of corruption and strong political forces backing government controls. Nevertheless, the government's primary goal of EU integration has resulted in some market-oriented progress.

For which industry is Moldova widely known?
Wine industry forms the major part of Moldova’s economy. The majority of wine produced in Moldova is for export. The recorded history of such production is found in documents as well as memorials. The Moldovan language (spoken) and folklore also show wine making was the general occupation of the population.



Major Cities in Moldova
FAQs and Answers on History and Geography

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