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Lesotho Geography

Lesotho flora and fauna features some of the rarest and spectacular species. The unspoilt nature of Lesotho provides a glimpse of some of the most intriguing species of both the plant and animal kingdom. The diversity of Lesotho flora and fauna draws a large number of nature lovers to this place. The flora of Lesotho is predominantly alpine in nature. The national flower of Lesotho, the Spiral Aloe, is endemic to the country. Cape Alpine flowers cover the high mountain cliffs and meadows. Spikes of red pokers and large aloes dot the whole region. The plant species found in Lesotho number up to almost 3000, which are divided into various categories. The National University of Lesotho Herbarium and Botanical Garden has a wide range of plant specimens kept for scientific research and study. Some of the plants found in the country are listed below:
  • Pinus
  • Aloe
  • Osyris
  • Marwilla
  • Limeum
  • Aristea
  • Isolepis
  • Ficinia
  • Silene
  • Cyperus
  • Kalanchoe
  • Cleome
  • Cordylogyne
  • Anchusa
  • Medicago
  • Gunnera
  • Nemesia
  • Riccia
  • Hebenstretia
  • Ceratodon
  • Senecio
  • Galium
  • Macrocoma
  • Chloris
  • Melinis
The mountain ranges provide shelter to a variety of species in Lesotho like Mountain Reedbuck and Rhebok. Drakensberg is home to the Eland. Baboons, meerkats, jackals, mongooses, rock hyraxes also feature as parts of the fauna of Lesotho. Numerous species of snake like the Berg Adder are found in abundance in Lesotho. Other animal species that can be located in this place are:
  • Hyraxes
  • Chestnut Climbing Mouse
  • Southern African Hedgehog
  • Chacma Baboon
  • Tiny Musk Shrew
  • Lesueur's Hairy Bat
  • Striped Polecat
  • Burchell's Zebra
  • Bontebok
  • Blue Duiker
  • Oribi
  • Hartebeest
  • African Clawless Otter
  • Caracal
  • African Yellow Bat
  • Forest Shrew
  • Cape Hare
  • Orange Mouse
  • Highveld Gerbil
  • Cape Porcupine
Around 300 different species of birds observed in the country includes some of the most valuable avi-fauna of Lesotho. One of the rarest birds of the world, the Bald Ibis, is found in Lesotho. Birds like Sentinel Rock-Thrush, Black Eagles, Orange-breasted Rockjumper, Bearded Vultures and Drakensberg Siskin are found in the mountainous regions.

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