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Serbia


Official Name:Republic of Serbia
Capital:Belgrade
Population:7306677
Area:88,361 Sq Km or 34,116 sq mi
Currency:Serbian Dinar(RSD)
Religion:Orthodoxy and Catholicism
Literacy:0.964
Languages:Serbian
Major Cities:Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis, Kragujevac, Subotica
Climate:In the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)


Once an important fragment of Yugoslavia and then later Union of Serbia and Montenegro, it finally became an independent nation in 2006, on the 5th of June. Serbia came into the limelight in 2003, when it became infamous for waging a brutal war in Kosovo and driving the Albanians out. The split with Montenegro rendered the country landlocked.

Economy of Serbia
The economy of the country of Serbia earns the most revenues from the naturally available resources in the country. Some of the mineral resources that are found in the country are , chromite, salt, oil, marble, gas, limestone, coal, Pyrite, iron ore, magnesium, copper, Silver, lead, Gold, zinc, nickel and antimony. The other natural blessing in the country is the abundance of arable land. The chief products of the land that have export value are sunflower, wheat, sugar beets and maize. The industries in the country include sugar processing; paper and pulp; various types of machinery for agricultural and electrical use; equipment for communication and transportation; and minerals.

Serbia Location Map
Serbia is positioned in the southwest region of the European continent. It is landlocked and its immediate political neighbors are Romania in the northeast and east; Bulgaria to the southeast; Macedonia to the south; Albania and Montenegro to the southwest; Croatia and Bosnia And Herzegovina to the west; and Hungary to the north.

Physical Map of Serbia
Almost two-thirds of the country of Serbia is covered with mountains. All the mountains, however, lie to the south of the country; especially to the southeast. The most important mountains that sprawl across the terrain of the country are the Dinaric Alps and the rugged Balkan Mountains. In fact the Balkan Mountain serves as a natural border for the country. The highest point in the country is called Daravica. To the east of Serbia, the landscape is limestone based. The plain lands in Serbia lie in the northern region of the country. Some of the important rivers flowing across the land are Lim, Sava, Danube, Morava, Drina and Tara.

Flag of Serbia
The rectangular Serbia Flag is a carry over from the flag of Yugoslavia. It comprises of three main colors and one subsidiary color. The three main colors - red, blue and white (top to bottom) - appear in three equal horizontal stripes.

These three colors are held to be pan-Slavic colors. The color golden-yellow appears with the other three colors in the insignia of Serbia which is positioned at the off-center left side of the flag.

Climate of Serbia The northern region and the other regions of the country sport two different types of climatic conditions. In the northeast of the country, which is further inland, the temperature changes are quite marked with hot and humid summer months and freezing winters. While other regions of the country which do not lie all too far away from the Adriatic Sea have a more Mediterranean type of climate. So, in these regions, the summers are warm, but humid, while the winters are pleasantly cold. Rainfall is experienced almost all year round.

Flora and Fauna of Serbia
Flora: Serbia has a dense evergreen type of vegetation, since almost two-thirds of the land is covered with mountains. The chief species of plants in Serbia are oak, beech, pines and firs.
Fauna: the fauna in Serbia is typical of those found in mountainous regions. There are foxes, species of hare and rabbits, bears, deer, wolves, stag, mouflon, wild boar and chamois. Avian fauna in Serbia includes pheasants, cranes, ducks and geese.

Art, Music & Culture of Serbia
Art: the most traditional type of art in the country of Serbia is that of jewelry making. Intricate ornaments of silver and coins in gold and silver are particularly famous. The other artistic craft in Serbia is that of pottery making. These earthen wares are either unique for either in the way they are molded or in the paintings on their body.

Culture: the culture of Serbia is a composite culture that belongs to and is practiced not just by the citizens of the country, but also by the Serbs living in the neighboring countries. In it one can find traditions from the Byzantine Empire, the Serb Orthodox Church, the Ottoman Empire and also Socialist Realism.

Music: Serbian music is a medley of ethnic and modern genres. However, they all are Balkan in essence, with Western, Turkish and Hungarian traits. "Kolo" is a famous folk music of Serbia which is used for a special type of dance that involves the use of only the lower half of the body. Singing of Epic poetry is another genre. The chief musical instruments are Accordion, Frula, Harmonica and Gusle.

Sports in Serbia
The people of Serbia believe that there is nothing better then sports that can be a stress-buster to them and can bring change to their routine lifestyle. Sports in Serbia are famous among all the households and even the women in Serbia love to participate in the various types of sports they play. There are many sports that are famous among the countrymen like, basketball, soccer and volleyball. These sports are enjoyed a lot by the people of all age-groups in Serbia. Other than these there are sports like gymnastics, martial arts, water-polo and some other water sports. Serbia sports have an important place in Europe as well as famous in other continents.

The national game of the country is Soccer- football. Internationally also, Serbia soccer is quite famous. The country has many clubs that organize national soccer games and scrutinize the best of the players for the international soccer team. Serbia basketball and Serbia volleyball teams are famous in Europe as they are very promising and challenging.

Government of Serbia Serbia is a Parliamentary republic with multi party system. The legislature of Serbia is the National Assembly. The present President of Serbia (2012) is Tomislav Nikolic and the Prime Minister (2012) is Ivica Dacic. The latest general election was held on 6 May 2012. The coalition dubbed Let's Get Serbia Moving led by the Serbian Progressive Party, claimed victory, but was significantly short of an absolute majority.

FAQs and Answers on History and Geography

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