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On this Day in History

  • February 22 1909 - The Great White Fleet Returns from a Journey Around the World

    In the early years of the 20th century, Teddy Roosevelt, the President of the United States and former Assistant Secretary of the Navy, sought to raise the military profile of his nation. Near the… Read More →

  • February 22 1371 - Robert II becomes King of Scotland and establishes the Stuart dynasty

    On February, 22, 1371, Robert II became King of Scotland and the first Stuart king. Robert II was born in 1316 to the 6th High Steward of Scotland, Walter Stewart, and to Marjorie Bruce. Marjorie was the daughter of Robert the Bruce (Robert I), the King of Scotland, who had secured Scottish independence from England and his first… Read More →

  • February 22, 1997 – Birth of Dolly the sheep announced

    On February 22, 1997, scientists in Scotland announced the birth of Dolly the sheep, the world’s first successfully cloned mammal. Dolly was actually born on July 5, 1996, but her birth was revealed in February 1997 and raised controversy. However, its supporters heralded Dolly’s birth as one of the most significant scientific breakthroughs. Dolly was created at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh from an adult cell and was named after singer and actress Dolly Parton. Dolly, who was mated to another sheep David, gave birth to four lambs. By January 2002, Dolly began to have complication such as arthritis in her hind legs and on February 14, 2003, at the age of six, was put down as she was suffering from progressive lung disease.

  • February 21 1848 - The Communist Manifesto is Published for the First Time

    Striking out against the burgeoning capitalist systems in Europe and North America, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published one of the world’s most-read political manuscripts on February 21, 1848. Commissioned by the Communist League based in London,… Read More →

  • February 21 1972 - President of the United States Richard Nixon visits China

    In what was described by President Richard Nixon’s own words as “the week that changed the world”, he and the First Lady Pat Nixon undertook an unprecedented historic weeklong tour of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) starting February 21, 1972. The United States and China had no diplomatic relations till then and President Nixon became the first… Read More →

  • February 21, 1848 – Communist Manifesto is published

    On February 21, 1848, The Communist Manifesto was published in London. One of the most influential political pamphlets in history, the Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto proclaimed that “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”. The political pamphlet, which was originally published in German as… Read More →

  • February 20 1919 - Amir of Afghanistan Habibullah Khan is Assassinated

    Just months after the end of World War I, the nation of Afghanistan was thrown into turmoil by the assassination of Amir Habibullah Khan on February 20, 1919. Pinned between Russia and British India, the country had gone through tremendous change under his… Read More →

  • February 20 1986 - The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station, which remains in orbit for 15 years

    On February 20, 1986, the erstwhile Soviet Republic launched the base module of the modular space station, Mir. Later, over the next ten years, additional modules were sent to be integrated with this core, using a number of space vehicles. The space station operated for almost 15 years between 1986 and 2001, in low earth orbit. Mir was… Read More →

  • February 20, 1986 - Mir Launched

    On February 20, 1986, the Soviet Union launched the space station Mir. The launch of Mir, which was the world’s biggest space station, took place around three weeks after Challenger, an American space shuttle, met with a disaster. Seven astronauts had died in the disaster. Until October 23, 2010, Mir held the distinction for the longest continuous human presence in space for around 10 years. This magnificent feat of 3,644 days was overtaken in 2010 by ISS. In March 2001, Mir was de-orbited.

  • February 19 1473 - Nicolaus Copernicus is Born in Torun, Poland

    Deep in the heart of Polish territory, a man who would fundamentally change the world’s understanding of how the solar system worked was born on February 19, 1473. Nicolaus Copernicus, an astronomer and mathematician among many other things, proposed theories at… Read More →

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