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Yemen Facts




Where is Yemen?
The Republic of Yemen is a Middle-East country located southern and south-western Arabia.

What is the capital of Yemen?
Sanaa is the capital city of Yemen. It is one of the highest cities in the world with an altitude of 2,300 meters. With a population of approximately 1,748,000, Sanaa is the largest city of Yemen. The city is home to many magnificent buildings that have unique architectural characteristics, and beautiful geometric patterns. Sanaa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What countries border Yemen?
Yemen is bordered by Saudi Arabia on the north, the Red Sea on the west, and Oman on the east.

How big is Yemen?
Yemen covers an area of 203,849 square miles. The country has a coastline of 1,184 miles.

What is the population of Yemen?
According to the 2009 census, Yemen has an estimated population of 23,580,000. Arabs constitute majority of the population followed by a number of Jews and Christians.

What are the administrative divisions of Yemen?
Yemen is divided into twenty governorates known as muhafazats and one municipality called "Amanat Al-Asemah." The governorates are sub-divided into 333 districts, which are further divided into 2,210 sub-districts. The sub-districts are then classified into 38,284 villages.

Who are the political leaders of Yemen?
Yemen is a presidential republic and has a bicameral legislature. The President is the head of state, and the Prime Minister heads the government.
President - Ali Abdullah Saleh
Prime Minister - Ali Muhammad Mujawar

What currency is used in Yemen?
The riyal denoted by the ISO 4217 code YER is the official currency of Yemen. It is divided into 100 fils.

What is the official language of Yemen?
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Yemen. There are also a few modern South Arabian languages spoken in Yemen such as Mehri, Soqotri, Bathari, and Hobyot. English and Russian are also spoken in some parts of the country. The country also has a few speakers of the South Asian languages including Urdu, Marathi, and Hindi.

What is the religion of Yemen?
There are two principal Islamic religious groups in Yemen - Sunni and Shi'a. There are very few members of Hinduism, Christianity, and Judaism.

What is the economy of Yemen like?
Yemen is one of the most poor countries in the world. Rampant corruption, almost thirty-five percent employment rate, depleting natural resources, and increasing population growth are the major problems in the country. Yemen’s economy is heavily dependent on oil reserves, but the country has limited deposits, another factor for the economic doldrums in the nation. The country however, has large reserves of natural gas. The first liquified natural gas (LNG) plant in Yemen began in October 2009. The country earns a little by exporting crude oil, cotton, coffee, and dried and salted fish.

When is the national day of Yemen celebrated?
The national day of Yemen is celebrated on May 22. The day is celebrated to commemorate the reunification of Yemen in 1990. On this day in 1990, the Republic of Yemen adopted democracy and multiparty system.



 

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