After the marriage of the Burgundian princess Mary with the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the Austrian Habsburg rule in Luxembourg started off in 1477. A division of the lands also took place in the years 1555 and 1556 after which the country passed on to the Spanish Habsburg rule in Luxembourg. The land of Luxembourg along with today's Belgium, continued to be a part of the Spanish Netherlands even when the northern regions of Netherlands got acknowledged in the year 1648.
The rule of Habsburg in Luxembourg got affirmed in the year 1715 and it is since then, the land of Luxembourg got incorporated into the territory of the Austrian Netherlands. During the Habsburg rule in Luxembourg, the notable rulers were Emperor Joseph along with his successor Emperor Charles VI. They were both the descendants of the Spanish kings, who in their turn were the legal inheritors of King Albert VII. The Emperor Charles VI and the Emperor Joseph were also the descendants of William of Thuringia and Anna of Bohemia.
Right after the Habsburg rule in Luxembourg, the country did not take part in the Dutch revolt which was aimed at the Spanish rulers. In 1797, France took control of Luxembourg. Luxembourg was ultimately given the autonomy in 1815 after Napoleon suffered a defeat.