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Guinea Bissau Flag

by Aakash Singha

The Guinea Bissau flag is composed of two horizontal green and yellow stripes of equal size and a red vertical column with a black five-pointed star at its center.

Guinea Bissau Flag


Influenced by the flag of Ghana, the flag of Guinea-Bissau features the traditional Pan-African colors of green, gold, and red.

The flag comprises two horizontal stripes of gold (top), and green (bottom), and one red vertical stripe on the left side of the flag. The red band consists of a black five-pointed star that represents the unity of the African nations.

All the colors used in the flag have their own significance. Red stands for the blood shed by the country’s ancestors in their prolonged struggle for independence from Portugal; gold symbolizes the abundance of minerals found in the country; it can also be interpreted as the bright sunshine that Guniea-Bissau experiences. Green represents the lush green forests found in the country, and agriculture and is also a symbol of unending hope to do better.

The flag of Guinea-Bissau was officially adopted on September 24, 1973, the day the Portugal regime ended and the country won independence.

Official Name: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Flag Proportion: 1:2
Adopted on: September 24, 1973
Location of Guinea Bissau: West Africa; Bordered by Senegal, Guinea, and the Atlantic Ocean
Capital City of Guinea Bissau: Bissau
Major Cities of Guinea Bissau: Bolama, Bissora, Fulacunda
Area of Guinea Bissau: 36125 sq km / 13,948 square miles
The population of Guinea Bissau: 19.7 lakhs (2020)
Currency: West African Franc (XOF)
Official Language of Guinea Bissau: Portuguese
National Anthem: This is Our Well-Beloved Motherland
National symbol(s): black star
National colors: red, yellow, green, black
National anthem:
Name: “Esta e a Nossa Patria Bem Amada” (This Is Our Beloved Country)
Lyrics/Music: Amilcar Lopes CABRAL/XIAO He

Fact about the Guinea-Bissau flag

Country Guinea-Bissau
Designed by NA
Adopted 1973
Revision NA
Design and Colors One vertical red line on the hoist side charged with a black five-pointed star; two horizontal lines on the fly side (yellow and green)
Size Ratio 1:2

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