The "Southern Cross" is the assemblage visible in the night sky of Papua New Guinea and other states of the southerly Hemisphere. On the Papua New Guinea Flag this represents the ancient connection of Papua New Guinea with several countries by the South Pacific.
Official Name: Papua New Guinea
Capital: Port Moresby
Location: The eastern part of New Guinea and Some 600 islands in the pacific the largest being the Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, New Ireland and Bougainville in the Northern Solomon Islands)
Area: 462, 840 Sq. km.
Official Languages: English
National Flag: Diagonally on the black on the red a bird of paradise in gold and on the black 5 stars of the Southern Cross in white.
Flag Ratio: 3:4
National Anthem: O Arise All you Sons (1975)