The Nepal geography and history
is diverse and is closely related to its two giant neighbors Republic of India and People's Republic of China. The landlocked Himalayan country has witnessed many political upheavals in its long existence.
The Nepal geography and history exhibits the colorful character of the small Himalayan country. The landscape of Nepal is diverse. The geography of Nepal could be demarcated into three regions. The three regions are the Terai, Hill and Mountain geographical areas. The country occupies an area of 56,827 square miles. Nepal is 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers in breadth. The Terai regions are the plain regions of the country. The Indo-Gangetic plain constitutes the Terai region. The Hill region is adjacent to the Mountain region. The altitude of this region varies from 1,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level. The Nepal capital city of Kathmandu is located in the Hill region of the country. The Mountain region of Nepal is one of the highest places in the world. Mount Everest at 8,850 meters is the world's highest mountain.
The history of Nepal dates back to more than nine thousand years. The first Indo-Aryan tribes entered the Himalayan region around 1500BC. Gautama Buddha was born in Nepal. He was the founder of Buddhism. Nepal saw various rulers like the Gupta Emperors and Chalukya Kings from South India in its long history. The present ceremonial King belongs to the Shah Dynasty.
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