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Uruguay Facts

Where is Uruguay?
Uruguay is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is bordered by Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, to the north, Uruguay River to the west, the estuary of the Rio de la Plata to the southwest, and by Atlantic Ocean to the south-east.
What is the capital of Uruguay?
The capital city of Uruguay is Montevideo. With an area of 200 square miles, Montevideo is the largest city and the chief port of Uruguay. Almost half of the population of the country resides in the capital city. The city is well-known for its rich architectural and cultural heritage.

How big is Uruguay?
Covering an area of 68,000 square miles, Uruguay is the second-smallest nation in South America. The population of Uruguay is estimated at 3,494,382.

What are the ethnic groups in Uruguay?
Almost eighty-eight percent of the population of Uruguay is constituted by the whites. The Mestizos, blacks, and Amerindian are the other ethnic groups in the country.

What are the administrative divisions of Uruguay?
Uruguay is divided into nineteen departments. These departments are governed by local administrators who take care of the executive and legislative powers.

Who are the political leaders of Uruguay?
The government of Uruguay is a unitary presidential republic.
President - Jose Mujica
Vice President - Danilo Astori

What currency is used in Uruguay?
Uruguayan peso denoted by the ISO 4217 code UYU is the official currency of Uruguay. It was adopted in 1993. One peso is subdivided into 100 centesimos.

What is the official language of Uruguay?
Spanish is the most commonly spoken language in Uruguay. Other languages spoken in the country include Portuguese and Portunol.

What is the religion of Uruguay?
There is no official religion of Uruguay owing to the separation of the church and state. However, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion followed by Protestantism and some members of the Jewish faith.

When is the national day of Uruguay celebrated?
The national day of Uruguay is celebrated on August 25. The day is celebrated to commemorate the country's independence from Brazil on August 25, 1825.

What is the economy of Uruguay like?
In 2011 the GDP (PPP) was estimated at $52.111 billion. The GDP per capita was $15,469. Agriculture is an important sector contributing ten percent to the gross domestic product. Rice, wheat, fish, barley, and corn are the major agricultural products. Food processing, transportation equipment, electrical machinery, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, and beverages are the major industries in Uruguay. Foreign trade plays a significant role in the economy. The major trading partners of the country include the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Germany, Mexico, Paraguay, and China.