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Cyprus Geography

Cyprus geography combines the location of the island with its topography, climate, natural resources and land use. Located in the eastern part of
the Mediterranean Sea, the island of Cyprus lies at a distance of 97 kilometers from Syria and 64 kilometers from Turkey. The entire island covers an area of approximately 9,250 square kilometers and has a coastline of about 648 kilometers.

The geography of Cyprus underlines the terrain and the climate of Cyprus. The island consists of two mountain ranges that cut the island from east to west. Between these two parallel mountain ranges lie the Central plain that constitutes the agricultural tract of Cyprus. Climate of Cyprus, another principal aspect of Cyprian geography, is temperate and Mediterranean type characterized with hot and dry summers and cool and wet winters.

The Cyprus geography also includes its natural resources. These are asbestos, copper, gypsum, marble, timber, pyrites etc. 40% of the land in Cyprus is cultivable. Meadows and pastures amount to 10% and irrigated land in Cyprus is 350 square kilometers. The island is subjected to a modern amount of earthquakes and there are no catchment areas.

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