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Cyprus Facts

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Where is Cyprus?
The Republic of Cyprus is a Eurasian island country located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It shares borders with Greece on the east, Israel on the south-east, Turkey on the south, Syria on the west, and Egypt on the north.

What is the capital of Cyprus?
Nicosia is the capital city of Cyprus. With a population of 398,293, it is the largest city in the country. The city is divided in two portions - the southern and the northern portions by a Green Line, making it the only divided capital in the world. Nicosia serves as the business, cultural, and administrative center of Cyprus. All the government buildings are housed in the capital city.

How big is Cyprus?
Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea covering a total area of 3,572 square miles. As of 2010, the country had an estimate population of 1,088,503.

What are the ethnic groups in Cyprus?
The majority of the population of Cyprus, over eighty percent, is formed by Greek Cypriots. Te remaining is constituted by Turkish Cypriots, and Christian minorities, including Maronites, Latin Catholic and Armenians.

What are the administrative divisions of Cyprus?
The Republic of Cyprus is divided into six districts that are further divided into municipalities.

Who are the political leaders of Cyprus?
The Republic of Cyprus is a presidential republic. The President is the head of the state and also the government. At present, Dimitris Christofias is the president of Cyprus.

What is the official currency used in Cyprus?
The euro denoted by the ISO 4217 code EUR is the official currency of Cyprus and the Eurozone. After the United States Dollar, the euro is the second-most traded currency in the world.

What is the official language of Cyprus?
Cyprus recognizes two official languages: Greek and Turkish. The other languages spoken in the country include Armenian, Cypriot Maronite Arabic, Romani, French, and German.

What is the official religion of Cyprus?
The majority of the Greek population in Cyprus adheres to the autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus. Sunni Islam is the widespread religion among Turkish Cypriots. There are also small Hindu, Sikh, Baha'i, and Jewish communities.

What is the economy of Cyprus like?
Cyprus has diversified economy. Services is the largest sector followed by industries and agriculture. In 2010, the gross domestic product (nominal) of the country was estimated at $23.174 billion, while the per capita was $28,237. Finance, insurance and banking are the major sectors of the Cypriot economy. Tourism also boosts the economy.

When is the national day of Cyprus celebrated?
The national day of the Republic of Cyprus is celebrated on the 1st of October. This day is celebrated to mark the declaration of independence of Cyprus from the United Kingdom in 1960.

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