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Palau Facts




Where is Palau located?
Palau (also spelled as Pelew or Belau), which is officially called the Republic of Palau, is an island-country situated in western Pacific Ocean.

What is the geography of Palau?
Geographically, the island-country is part of the island-group of Micronesia. However, in the year 1979 Federated Stated of Micronesia (which include islands of Chuuk, Yap, Kosrae, and Pohnpei) and Palau gained separate status.

What is the capital of Palau and which is the most populous island?
Ngerulmud is Palau's capital situated in Melekeok state and Koror is the most populous island.

When was Palau discovered?
Palau is part of Caroline Island chain in the Pacific Ocean. The European discoverers, in 1500, first discovered Caroline Islands and in the year 1783, Palau was discovered by Captain Henry Wilson's shipwrecked crew.

Who was the first President of Palau?
Haruo Ignacio Remeliik was the first President of Palau. He served the office from 2 March 1981 till 30 June 1985. He was assassinated on 30 June 1985.

What government does Palau have?
Multi-party democratic republic.

What is the area and population of Palau?
Palau covers a total land area of 177 square miles and as per the 2014 estimate it has a population of only 18000 and hence is among the least populated countries of the world.

What are Floating Gardens Islands?
Floating Garden Islands also called as "The Rock Islands" are a part of Palau and are formed of lime stones.

How is the climate of Palau?
All throughout the year Palau witnesses a pleasant warm climate. The usual annual average temperature is 27 degrees Celsius and from July to October Palau receives its heaviest rainfall.

What kind of wildlife does Palau have?
Palau has huge number of turtles, pelagic predators, sharks, dolphins, and several species of the migratory fish which do not exist anywhere else in the world but are found only in the Palaun archipelago. Saltwater crocodiles are also found at several places in the country.

Who is the President of Palau?
Tommy Remengesau is the current President of Palau.

What are the states of Palau?
The island country of Palau is segregated in sixteen states (called municipalities till 1984), namely Aimeliik, Angaur, Airai, Kayangel, Hatohobei, Ngaraard, Melekeok, Koror, Peleliu, Ngardmau, Ngchesar, Ngarchelong, Ngaremlengui, Ngatpang, Ngiwal and, Sonsorol.

What is the official language of the country Palau?
Palau has two official languages i.e. Palauan language and English. Sonsorolese, Tobian and Japanese are recognized as the regional languages.

What is the strength of the military force of Palau?
The country does not possess its own military force. Under the Compact of Free Association, signed between US and Palau, US is completely responsible for the defense in Palau.

Which currency is used in Palau?
The official currency of Palau is the United States Dollar.

What is the highest point of Palau?
Palau's highest point is Mount Ngerchelchuus situated on the island Babeldaob, at the border of Ngardmau and Ngaremlengui.

What is a shark sanctuary?
Shark sanctuary is the area which forbids any kind of commercial fishing operations related to sharks. Such a place, the first shark sanctuary, was formed by Palau in the year 2009.

What are the main exports and imports of Palau?
Palau's major Exports comprise of tuna, shellfish, copra and garments whereas its major imports are fuels, machinery & equipments, metals and foodstuffs.

What are the religions being followed in Palau?
As per the 2005 census, the Roman Catholics constitute 49.4% of the total population, Protestants constitute 23.1% of the total population, Modekngei 8.7% and Seventh-day Adventist 5.3% of the total population.

What is the economy of Palau like?
Tourism, fishing and subsistence agriculture are the primary industries that Palau's economy is focused on. Tourist activity is focused on snorkeling and scuba diving in the islands-country's rich marine environment. The main employer is the government relying massively on US financial assistance.

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