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Macedonia Facts





Where is Macedonia?

The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked country in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is bordered to the northwest by Kosovo, to the north by Serbia, to the east by Bulgaria, to the south by Greece and to the west by Albania. The name of the country is derived from the Greek "Makedonia", a kingdom named after the ancient Macedonians. It has an estimated population of 2,050.671.

What is the capital of Macedonia?

Skopje is the capital of Macedonia. During the Roman period, it was known as Scupi. It is located on the Balkan route between Belgrade and Athens. The estimated population of the city is 668,518, and it covers an area of 220.6 square miles. The city has its own flag and coat of arms. The flag of Skopje is a vertical red banner with a gold-colored coat of arms positioned in the upper-left corner.

What is the currency of Macedonia?

The Macedonian denar is the currency of the Republic of Macedonia. Its ISO 4217 code is MKD. The first denar was introduced on April 26, 1992. In 1990, it replaced the Yugoslav dinar at par. On May 5, 1993, the currency underwent reform, with one new denar (MDK) = 100 old denar (MKN).

Which is the largest city of Macedonia?

Skopje is the largest city of Macedonia with about one third of the total population. The city has been inhabited since at least 4,000 BC. The remains of Neolithic settlements have been discovered within the Skopje Fortress. It is located in northern Macedonia and is approximately halfway between Belgrade and Athens. Some of the important landmarks in the city are: Skopje Fortress, Ristik Palace, Millennium Cross and The bezisten (a covered market).

What is the official language of Macedonia?

A variety of languages are spoken in the country. The official language of Macedonia is Macedonian. It belongs to the eastern branch of the South Slavic language group. The minority languages spoken by substantial number of speakers are: Albanian, Turkish and Romani.

What is the religion of Macedonia?

More than 64% of the population adheres to Christianity, the vast majority of which belongs to the Macedonian Orthodoxy Church. 33.3% adheres to Islam. Macedonia has the fourth-highest proportion of Muslims in Europe.

What is the literacy rate of Macedonia?

The literacy rate of the country is 96.1%.

Who is the political leader of Macedonia?

Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy. The president of the republic has a ceremonial role while the real power is with the prime minister. Executive powers are exercised by the government. Gjorge Ivanov is the current president of the republic. He assumed office on May 12, 2009. Nikola Gruevski is the prime minister of the country. He assumed office on August 27, 2006.

When is the national day of Macedonia celebrated?

September 8 is celebrated as the independence day in Macedonia. Before independence, the country was known as the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. When Yugoslavia granted independence to the country in 1991, the state dropped "Socialist" from its name.

What is the economy of Macedonia like?

Since independence, Macedonia has undergone a considerable economic change. It was ranked as the fourth "best reformatory state" by World Bank. It is an open economy. Trade accounts for more than 90% to the GDP, textile being the major contributing sector. The country has one of the lowest per capita GDPs in Europe. The total GDP of the country is 18.77 billion dollars. The country exports food, beverages, tobacco, textiles, iron and steel to its trading partners: Serbia and Montenegro, Germany, Greece, Bulgaria, Italy and Croatia.

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