Declaration of Independence
Laos, which was under the domination of Siam (Thailand) in the late 18th century, came under the control of the French during the later part of the 19th century. The country gained its freedom from France on 22 October 1953 as a constitutional monarchy. However, 20 years later, on 2 December 1975, the monarchy was abolished and replaced with the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.
The translated version of the national anthem is:
For all time the Lao people have glorified their Fatherland,
United in heart, spirit and vigour as one.
Resolutely moving forwards,
Respecting and increasing the dignity of the Lao people
And proclaiming the right to be their own masters.
The Lao people of all origins are equal
And will no longer allow imperialists and traitors to harm them.
The entire people will safeguard the independence
And the freedom of the Lao nation.
They are resolved to struggle for victory
In order to lead the nation to prosperity.
After years of civil war, On 2 December 1975, the communist Pathet Lao took control of the government of Laos forcing King Savang Vatthana to abdicate the throne. The new government introduced a socialist regime and renamed the country as the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Prince Souphanouvong Thao was sworn in as the President. In 1997, Laos became a member of ASEAN and joined the WTO in 2013.
Laos adopted a new flag: red, white and blue. The color red symbolizes the blood people shed for getting their desired freedom, while the blue symbolizes the health of the nation. Finally, the white disc represents the unity of the nation under the Communist rule.
The celebrations are a grand affair. A rally is organized on the day and the villages are decorated with huge banners. People gather to witness the spectacular events that are organized at the Luang Prabang stadium. People take time off to relax and visit their family and friends on the day. Parades and dance shows are also organized at That Luang temple in Vientiane, the nation’s capital and biggest city.