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Kenya Geography

Located on the eastern part of the African continent, Kenya is bordered by Tanzania in the southwest and Indian Ocean in the southeast. Sudan and Ethiopia lie to the north and Uganda to the west, while Somalia lies to the east of the geographical location of Kenya.

Lake Victoria also lies to the west of Kenya. The geographical coordinates of the country are Latitude 4° North to 4° South and Longitude 34° East to 41° East.

The country stretches from the snow-capped mountains in the north to the sea in the east. The terrain gradually changes from the low-lying coastal plains to the Kenyan highlands. Coastal Kenya is a highly fertile low-lying area. One can find a coral reef over here also. There is a dry coastal plain covered by thorny bushes and savanna over here. Mount Kenya is the highest point of the country and is 5,199 meters high. Mount Elgon and Mount Kilimanjaro are the other mountain ranges in Kenya.

The Great Rift Valley, located in the western and central part of the country, is one of the striking features of the geography of Kenya. The valley divides the Kenyan highlands into east and west. The highlands are an important agricultural region of the country as they have a cool climate and a highly fertile soil. There are a good number of swamps in the Loraine Plain, sited in the northeastern part of Kenya.

Several big and small lakes and rivers form part of the geography of Kenya. Lake Turkana is found in the northern part of the country, whereas Lake Victoria lies to its west. Other important lakes include Lake Naivasha and Lake Nakuru. There are numerous rivers in Kenya also. The rivers Nzoia, Yala and Gori flow across the country before draining into Lake Victoria. Rivers Tana and Athi flows in the southeastern part, while Ewaso Ngiro is found in the northeastern part of the country.

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