Bestowed with riches in natural resources and diverse wildlife – the incredible Africa has some of the magnificent natural wonders that a person must visit. The unspoiled nature and eclectic culture that prevails in the continent is bound to provide you one of the most exceptional experiences of lifetime. Claimed as Natural Wonders of Africa by world experts back in year 2013, these destinations are a must see if you are visiting the continent.
The largest overland migration in the world – the Serengeti Migration witnesses the movement of numerous species of animals like wildebeests and zebras all year round. The migration covers whopping 500 miles between Tanzania and Kenya, and millions of animals travel the distance. Gazelle, Thomson’s gazelle, eland and impala can also be found amid the groups. They migrate as per the rainfall patterns looking for fresh and nutritious grass to graze. Witnessing the migration on the 18,641 square miles large Serengeti Plains is a wholesome experience.
“Africa’s Garden of Eden”- Ngorongoro Crater is the largest inactive and unbroken volcanic caldera in the world, and is also inscribed as World’s Heritage Site. The area covers thousands of miles in Tanzania, and is a conservation area for wildlife. It was about 2 to 3 million years ago that the Crater was formed after massive volcanic eruption. About 30,000 animals including the rare black rhino, cheetahs, wildebeests, elephants, and more inhabit the region.
The tallest mountain on the continent stands alone – Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano located in Tanzania. Featuring three distinct cones: the Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, the mountain reaches 19,341 feet above sea-level. Adventurous people who love to trek despite the risks, aim to climb Mount Kilimanjaro as well. However, the advanced mountain-climbing equipment are not required for the trekking expedition.
The world’s longest river as we know it – The Nile River spans eleven countries over a length of 4,132 miles. The river has two major tributaries: The White Nile and the Blue Nile, with the former being the headwaters and primary stream of the Nile. The river emerges in the countries of Uganda and Ethiopia and ends in the Mediterranean Sea with the mouth in Egypt. The Egyptian civilization and the Sudanese kingdoms have been nurtured from this river itself. One can take a river cruise and get a closer look at the river. If lucky, you could also witness hippopotamus alongside the river.
The Red Sea Reef
One of the best spots across the world for diving – the Red Sea Reef covers almost 1240 miles of the coasts of Egypt, Sudan and Eritrea. It is home to 1100 species of fish, and it is only imaginable how amazing it would be to swim amid them. Being the inlet of seawater in the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea Reef is situated between the continents of Asia and Africa. The total area it covers is 169,000 square miles and a diving experience is no doubt, an enlightening experience.
After the two expansive polar deserts of Antarctica and Arctic, the Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert. Covering most of the northern region of Africa and stretching 3,500,000 square miles, The Sahara Desert might be hot, but it isn’t lifeless. Fox, addax, dama gazelle, African wild dog and many more animal species are inhabited here. In fact, people have also settled in the oases of the desert. Camping, wildlife-viewing, cultural tours, and camel rides are some of the interesting activities that tourists indulge in when they visit the desert.
The largest inland desert of the world – Okavango Delta is sustained due to annual flooding, which peaks in the month of June and August. It is also one of the World Heritage sites, as it is studded with some exceptional islands. The tourism to the region is a significant component of Botswana’s economy. It is acclaimed to be one of the world’s premier wilderness areas, owing to its rich flora and fauna. The water-based safaris in the delta, is a fun-filled experience for tourists who are drawn to Africa from around the world.