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What are the Key Facts of Greece? | Greece Facts - Answers

Questions answered : 1408||Last updated on : January 19th, 2020 At 07:00am (ET)
Answers » Geography » What are the Key Facts of Greece?

What are the Key Facts of Greece?

Map of Hellenic Republic
Map of Greece which lies in the continent of Europe

Official Name

Hellenic Republic

Continent

Europe

Capital

Athens

Largest City

Athens

Coordinates

39.000000, 22.000000

Area

50,949 sq. mi ( 131,957 sq. km)

Land Boundaries

690 mi ( 1,110 km)

Coastline

8,498 mi ( 13,676 km) landlocked

Currency

Euro (€) (EUR)

Neighboring Countries

Turkey, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Albania

Population

10,768,477 (2017 est.)

Official Languages

Greek

Major Religion

Christianity (Greek Orthodox)

National Day

25 March (Independence day)

National Anthem

“Ymnos eis tin Eleftherian”

Form of Government

Unitary parliamentary republic

President

Prokopis Pavlopoulos

Prime Minister

Kyriakos Mitsotakis

GDP per capita (PPP)

$ 29,592.2 (World Bank, 2018)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$ 20,324.3 (World Bank, 2018)

HDI

0.87 (2017), Rank: 31

Literacy Rate (%)

NA

Space Agency

NA

Military Expenditure Ranking

37 (SIPRI, 2017)

No. of Olympic Medals

116 (as of 2018)

Driving Side

right

Calling Code

+30

Time Zone

UTC+2(EET), Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Internet TLD

.gr

Where is Greece?

Greece is a Southern European country that is located between Turkey and Albania. It borders the Mediterranean Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Aegean Sea.

What is the Geography of Greece?

Greece is spread across a total area of 131,957 sq. km (50,949 sq. mi), out of which 130,647 sq. km (50,443 sq. mi) is land area and 1,310 sq. km (506 sq. mi) is water area. It has a 1,110 km (690 mi) long land boundary, which is shared with 4 countries: Bulgaria (472 km or 293 mi), Macedonia (234 km or 144 mi), Albania (212 km or 132 mi), and Turkey (192 km or 119 mi). The country has a 13,676 km (8,498 mi) long toothy-edged coastline that has been indented deeply by dozens of gulfs.

Greece occupies the southernmost portion of the Balkan Peninsula. The mainland of Greece and its around-1,500 islands extend from the European continent southward to the Mediterranean, Ionian, Cretan, Aegean, and Thracian seas. The two largest islands of this country are Evia and Crete. There are six major island groups of Greece and they are Sporades, Northeast Aegean, Ionian, Dodecanese, Cyclades, and Argo-Saronic.

Most of the terrain in the country include hills as well as rugged mountains, making Greece one of the most mountainous nations among the European countries. While the western part of Greece is dominated by the Pindus Mountains, the southern stretch along Albania and Macedonia is dominated by the Dinaric Alps range. The mountains here generally have more than 2,500 m (8,202 ft) elevation.

A wide array of rivers, lakes, and wetlands punctuate the mountains here. Some of the major rivers in Hellas are Maritsa, Evros, Struma, Aliacmon, Vardar, Haliacmon, Pinios, Acheloos, etc. The lakes that are worth mentioning include Plastira, Vegoritis, Pamvotida, Doxa, Kerkini, Vegoritida, Prespa, Volvi, Kournas, Melissani, Trichonis, and many more.

Mount Olympus is the highest elevation in Greece. It has 52 peaks but its highest peak is Mytikas at 2,917 m (9,570 ft). The lowest elevation point of the country is at 0 m (0 ft). The mean elevation of Greece is 498 m (1,634 ft). Other major mountains of the Hellenic Republic are Óros Smólikas, Kaïmaktsalán, Voras, Óros Týmfi, etc.

The gigantic pillars of stones known as the massive Meteora rock formations are located in the immediate southwest of the Mt. Olympus. Along the border with Bulgaria in the far north, the Southern Rhodope Mountain range is present. This mountain range is heavily forested.

There are many ancient volcanoes in Greece such as Santorini, Poros, Nisyros, Milos, Methana, and Kos. They haven’t erupted for a long time.

Greece has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by hot and dry summers and significantly cold and wet winters. During the winter season, the upper region of Greece remains very cold. Snowfall is also not uncommon. The southern parts of Greece, as well as the islands, have milder winters. The higher mountains usually get lots of snowfall.

During July-August, the temperature usually revolves around 30-35 °C (), which may reach 40°C () or even more sometimes. The eastern coast of Greece is generally swept by a strong northern wind known as Meltemi during July-August, offering welcome relief from the heat. However, sometimes these strong winds can also get very strong, disrupting ferryboats to the islands severely.

What is the Economy of Greece?

Greece is a developed economy, having one of the largest nominal GDPs in the world. In 2018, the nominal GDP grew at a rate of 1.9% to reach US$ 218,230 million. Despite being a capitalist economy, the public sector accounts for around 40% of the GDP. Tourism accounts for 18% of the GDP. The Greek economy receives a significant amount from the European Union as aid, accounting for 3.3% of the annual GDP.

The Greek economy had a negative balance of trade in 2018 of around $22.5 billion. While Greece imported $52.8 billion, exported $30.2 billion value of goods and services. The major exports of the country were Refined Petroleum, Non-fillet Fresh Fish, Aluminum Plating, Packaged Medicaments, Pure Olive Oil, etc. The major import items were Crude Petroleum, Cars, Passenger and Cargo Ships, Packaged Medicaments, Refined Petroleum, and many more.

Around 1/5th of the labor force in Greece are immigrants, who generally perform unskilled works and are mostly associated with agricultural works. The unemployment rate in the country was 18.5% in 2018, less than 20.9% in 2017. The rate has come down to 16.9% in July 2019.

Eurostat data shows that 34.8% of the people in Greece are poor with over 20% having severe material deprivation. Around 4 out of 10 Greeks live under the poverty line. Every 1-in-3 people in Greece are at the risk of social exclusion or poverty. The rate of poverty has increased in the last decade, from 28.1% in 2008 to 34.8% in 2017.

What is the Transportation System of Greece?

Greece has 77 airports, out of which 68 have paved runways and 9 have unpaved ones. 9 heliports are also there. 117,000 km (72,700 mi) of roadways are present. 2,548 km (1,583 mi) of the railway network is available in Greece, out of which 1,565 km (972 mi) is standard gauge and 961 km (597 mi) is a narrow gauge. 764 km (475 mi) electrified railway network is also available. 6 km (3.7 mi) of the waterway is also present. The main seaports are Thessaloniki, Piraeus, Pachi, and Aspropyrgos.

What International Organizations is Greece part of?

UN, WTO, Schengen Convention, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SELEC, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, ZC, ICC (national committees), IGAD (partners), ITUC (NGOs), OAS (observer), WFTU (NGOs)

Related Links:

Related Maps:
Map of World Depicting Location of Greece
Location of Greece
Europe Map
Europe Map

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