Adventurous people aim to climb the highest points like the majestic Mount Everest – the highest peak on earth, but there are quite a few places which are equally renowned for being a lot lower to the sea level. The lowest land points on Earth are so deep down that only the daring hearts can venture to the bottom. Some of the major depressions are in relation to the boundaries of tectonic plates. Similar to the mountain peaks, even these depressions can have volcanic origination.
The Dead Sea- Lowest Land Point on Earth
Devoid of any life – the Dead Sea is the lowest land point on Earth. The shore line of the sea is impressively 1,388 feet below sea level. Landlocked between Asian countries of Israel and Jordan. It is also the world’s deepest hypersaline and saltiest water body. As of 2011, the level of salinity recorded in the sea stood at 34.2 percent. Such high salt concentration, makes the water so dense that people can easily float in it – an aspect quite similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah, USA.
Being a lot saltier than the ocean, the dead Sea sustains an environment which is too harsh to survive in, for the aquatic animals and plants. Lying in the Jordan Valley, it derives most of its waters from the flow of River Jordan. Any fish that arrives in the sea because of the tributary, also dies immediately. However, the mineral content in the waters and atmospheric conditions of the region, makes the Dead Sea a center for health research. Numerous products ranging from asphalt for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers, from cosmetics to herbal sachets, have been utilizing minerals of the salt lake.
When tourists arrive at the location of Dead Sea, they are struck with deafening calmness. There are no settlements in the region, and people can spend time wallowing in the mud that is known to have therapeutic properties – be it for skin disease or beauty benefits.
The northern counterpart of the Dead sea, is the Sea of Galilee. Located in Israel, the sea is 705 feet below sea level. The lowest freshwater lake in the world, it covers an area of 64.4 square miles at its fullest. Though its main source is the Jordan River, the Sea of Galilee is partly fed by underground springs.
The Table Below Mentions the Other Lowest Points on the Land:
|Lowest Points||Country||Feet below Sea Level (Ft)||Comments|
|Salton Sea, California||USA||234|
|Vpadina Akchanaya||Turkmenistan||266||Also known as Akdzhakaya Depression|
|Death Valley, California||USA||282|
|Laguna del Carbon, Bajo del Gualicho||Argentina||344||A part of San Julian depression.|
|Caspian Sea/Caspian Depression||EUROPE CONTINENT – Bordering countries Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran||433||Also known as Karigiye depression|
|Turpan Depression||China||505||Also known as Turfan depression|
|Sea of Galilee||Israel , Jordon||705||Northern Counterpart of Dead Sea|
|Dead Sea||Israel , Jordon||1,388|