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What countries accounted for the highest road traffic injuries? - Answers

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What countries accounted for the highest road traffic injuries?

 countries accounted for the highest road traffic injuriesThe global public health challenge of road traffic injuries is a major threat and a neglected issue. It is estimated to that 1.2 million lives are lost each year as well as injuring another 50 million, making it the 7th leading cause for global fatalities. The  World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention’  is the first major report being jointly issued by the  World Health Organization and the World Bank to deal with the ever-rising road accident cases and its effects on global health and development and the preventive measures that need to be incorporated. Additionally, the Global Status Report on Road Safety’ reflects information from 180 countries, indicating the low-income countries to be most vulnerable, with Africa bearing the highest mortality rate.

A road traffic accident is any vehicular accident occurring on the roadway i.e. originating, terminating or involving a vehicle partially on the roadway.

The first step towards creating a safe transport system is recognizing the obstacles and the errors of the system and considering people’s vulnerability to serious injuries. Few of the main causes of the high rate of death due to road accidents are:

Speeding: The increase in the average speed is directly proportional to both the crash occurring and the severity of the consequences.

Under the Influence: In the case of drink-driving, the risk of a road traffic starts at low levels of blood-alcohol concentration and increases with the increase in BAC. Whereas in case of drug-influence, the risk of incurring a road accident relies on the degree of the effect of the psychoactive drug consumed.

No Precautions: Simply following the basic traffic rules of wearing a seat belt, helmet and child restraints reduce the risk of the severity of the accident. It avoids fatality and death among infants by 70%.

Distracted Driving: The most highlighted reason for impaired driving is the increased use of mobile phones while driving. Using a phone while driving reduces the reaction time to exert brakes or respond to the traffic signals, resulting in crashes and accidents.

Road Infrastructure: Creating adequate facilities for all types of commuters including pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists, car-drivers and heavy-vehicle drives should be ideally kept in mind while laying the plans for road networks. Measures such as safe crossing points, footpaths, cycling lanes, zebra crossings should be installed to substantially reduce the risk of accidents.

Safe-Vehicles: The implementation of the ‘UN Regulations on Vehicle Safety,’ applied to countries’ manufacturing and production standards, can potentially save lives. These would require them to meet front and side impact regulations, include electronic safety, install airbags and seat belts in vehicles, to averse the occurrence of vehicular crash.

Preventive Measures:

Rapid-Motorizations, coupled with poor road conditions and population growth, has unleashed the likeliness of road accidents. Promoting efficient patterns of land-use and creating shorter, safer routes for users can reduce their vulnerability. Improving public transportation and stringer law enforcement can bring expected reduction in fatalities. Enforcement of the traffic laws, will lead to compliance and changed behavioral patterns of the people.

A lack of vehicular visibility has also resulted in major road accidents. In poorly-lit areas the larger vehicles tend to crash into the smaller motorists or two-wheelers, resulting in extreme crashes and fatalities.

Global Response:

Declaring 2011-2020 as the  Decade of Action’  for road safety the various governments have collectively stepped forward to address this public issue. This indicates the growing awareness within the countries with the rising number of fatalities from road injuries and accidents.

The  World Injury Conference, in 2016, produced  ‘The Tampere Declaration  to call for strong and coordinated global commitment to reduce the impact of injuries and violence.

The WHO works in collaboration with national and international stakeholders to support member states in the policy planning and road safety implementation. It provides technical support to member states, for example WHO in collaboration with the  Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS)  2015-2019, works towards reducing the fatalities in low and middle-income countries.

Save LIVES: A road safety technical package by the WHO focuses on speed management, leadership, infrastructure design and improvement, vehicle safety standards, enforcement of traffic laws and post-crash survival.

The adoption of UN 2030 Sustainable Development Goals’ also aim to work towards halving the global number of deaths and injuries from road traffic crashes by 2020.

Below lying table depicts the countries with the highest number of injuries from road accidents:

Country

Traffic injury (per 100,000 people) 

Country

Traffic injury (per 100,000 people) 

Zimbabwe

45.4

Armenia

15.7

Venezuela

41.7

Indonesia

15.5

Liberia

35.1

Samoa

15.5

Malawi

34.2

Guyana

15.3

Democratic Republic of the Congo

33.5

Haiti

15.3

Tanzania

33.4

Afghanistan

15.2

Mozambique

33.1

Vanuatu

15.2

Sao Tome and Principe

33.1

Bhutan

15.0

Rwanda

32.9

Laos

15.0

Burundi

32.7

Costa Rica

14.9

Togo

31.9

Nicaragua

14.9

Central African Republic

31.8

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

14.7

Thailand

31.7

Pakistan

14.3

Madagascar

31.4

Argentina

14.1

Burkina Faso

30.7

Albania

13.6

Kenya

30.5

Trinidad and Tobago

13.5

Gambia

30.4

Egypt

13.3

South Sudan

29.3

Peru

13.3

Comoros

28.6

Lithuania

13.0

Sierra Leone

28.5

Mauritius

12.9

Niger

28.4

Bangladesh

12.8

Cameroon

28.1

Qatar

12.8

Guinea

28.1

Caribbean small states

12.6

Iran

28.0

Belarus

12.6

Senegal

28.0

South Korea

12.0

Dominican Republic

27.8

Mexico

11.8

Benin

27.7

Chile

11.6

Saudi Arabia

27.5

Georgia

11.6

Ethiopia

27.3

Antigua and Barbuda

11.5

Uganda

27.3

Bahamas

11.0

Somalia

26.9

United States of America

10.8

Guinea-Bissau

26.8

Moldova

10.7

Republic of the Congo

26.7

Panama

10.7

Ghana

26.1

Philippines

10.7

Lesotho

26.1

Montenegro

10.3

Libya

25.3

North America

10.3

Mali

25.3

Uzbekistan

10.2

Oman

25.0

Azerbaijan

10.0

Djibouti

24.9

Jamaica

10.0

Eritrea

24.9

Latvia

9.9

Swaziland

24.9

United Arab Emirates

9.8

Zambia

24.7

Ukraine

9.7

Sudan

24.6

Poland

9.4

Angola

24.4

Croatia

9.2

Chad

24.3

Romania

8.9

Mauritania

24.2

Turkey

8.8

Cote d’Ivoire

24.0

Central Europe and the Baltics

8.6

Vietnam

24.0

Puerto Rico

8.2

Algeria

23.7

Slovakia

8.2

Jordan

23.6

Greece

8.1

Namibia

23.6

Macedonia

8.1

Paraguay

23.4

Brunei Darussalam

8.0

Bolivia

23.3

Seychelles

7.9

Kazakhstan

23.2

Luxembourg

7.7

Tunisia

23.0

Portugal

7.7

Yemen

22.8

Bulgaria

7.6

Gabon

22.7

Cuba

7.6

Brazil

22.6

Hungary

7.5

Malaysia

22.3

Serbia

7.4

Belize

21.3

Belgium

7.1

Cabo Verde

21.3

Bahrain

7.1

South Africa

21.3

Grenada

6.6

India

21.2

Cyprus

6.5

Botswana

21.0

Czech Republic

6.5

Equatorial Guinea

20.8

Slovenia

6.5

Mongolia

20.8

Estonia

6.3

Ecuador

20.7

New Zealand

6.1

North Korea

20.7

Tonga

6.0

Nigeria

20.6

Canada

5.8

Kyrgyzstan

20.1

Fiji

5.8

Guatemala

19.9

Austria

5.7

Syria

19.7

Italy

5.6

Myanmar

19.5

Barbados

5.5

South Asia

19.4

Malta

5.5

China

19.4

Australia

5.4

Lebanon

19.3

Palestinian

5.4

Cambodia

19.0

European Union

5.4

El Salvador

19.0

France

5.1

Colombia

18.9

Japan

4.7

St. Lucia

18.8

Finland

4.4

Suriname

18.7

Germany

4.2

Morocco

18.6

Ireland

4.0

Solomon Islands

18.3

Singapore

3.7

Iraq

17.8

Switzerland

3.6

Kuwait

17.7

Spain

3.6

Tajikistan

17.6

Iceland

3.6

Timor-Leste

17.6

Netherlands

3.6

Russia

17.4

Denmark

3.4

Turkmenistan

17.4

Maldives

3.3

Uruguay

17.4

Norway

3.3

Nepal

17.3

Israel

3.2

Sri Lanka

17.2

United Kingdom

2.9

Papua New Guinea

16.9

Sweden

2.9

Bosnia and Herzegovina

16.6

Kiribati

2.4

Honduras

16.5

Federated States of Micronesia

2.0

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