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What percentage of the world population is employed in agriculture? - Answers

Questions answered : 953||Last updated on : September 22nd, 2018 At 05:30pm (ET)

What percentage of the world population is employed in agriculture?

World Map depicting employment in agriculture

Agriculture — one of the most substantial segments of the world economy, plays an essential role in the rise of the sedentary human civilization. Even though agriculture is contributing to employment of a significant part of the population in majority nations, over the years, the percentage of workers has witnessed a steep decline. According to world-wide estimations, not even five percentage of the population in rich nations is employed in the agricultural sector. Is urbanization and industrialization taking over our agricultural land?

Agriculture is still the backbone of the economy in several nations of Africa. According to data released by the World Bank in 2017, the top ten countries where agriculture plays a vital role in employment are in Africa. Burundi, the landlocked nation on the Eastern side of the continent, has 91% of its population dependent on it. However, only 15% of the total agricultural production goes to the market. Sweat potatoes, beans, bananas and corn, are some major crops produced on the land.

The second largest employment in agriculture was also registered in an African country; Chad with 87% population working on the field. Other nations which follow on the list are; Somalia, Central African Republic, Malawi, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger, Mauritania, Madagascar and Mozambique.

Amid the developing countries of BRICS, it is India where more people are employed by agriculture. The agriculture in India can be traced back to the era of Indus valley civilization. By 2017, 43% of the Indian population is dependent on the agriculture sector for employment.

Meanwhile, many developed countries witness less than 15 percent of their population engaged in the agriculture sector. These nations include Greece, Malaysia, Russia, New Zealand, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Australia, France, Italy, Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and many others. At the bottom of the list stand United Arab Emirates, Singapore and Hong Kong, with 0% of its people employed in agriculture.

To get an idea of the percent of population employed in the agriculture sector in each nation, refer to the table.

Country 2017 (%age of total employment)
Burundi 91
Chad 87
Somalia 86
Central African Republic 86
Malawi 85
Eritrea 84
Guinea-Bissau 83
Democratic Republic of the Congo 82
Niger 76
Mauritania 76
Madagascar 74
Mozambique 73
Nepal 72
Solomon Islands 70
Uganda 69
Swaziland 69
Zimbabwe 68
Guinea 68
Ethiopia 68
Cabo Verde 68
Tanzania 67
North Korea 67
Rwanda 66
Vanuatu 65
South Sudan 65
Cameroon 62
Afghanistan 62
Sierra Leone 61
Laos 61
Equatorial Guinea 60
Mali 58
Bhutan 57
Comoros 55
Zambia 53
Sudan 53
Senegal 53
Tajikistan 52
Angola 51
Myanmar 50
Cote d’Ivoire 48
Yemen, Rep. 45
Liberia 43
India 43
Benin 43
South Asia 43
Pakistan 42
Gabon 42
Vietnam 41
Haiti 41
Ghana 41
Georgia 41
Albania 40
Fiji 39
Bangladesh 39
Togo 38
Kenya 38
Nigeria 37
Morocco 37
Republic of the congo 37
Azerbaijan 37
Armenia 34
Thailand 33
Moldova 33
Tonga 32
Indonesia 31
Mongolia 30
Djibouti 30
Nicaragua 29
Guatemala 29
Peru 28
Honduras 28
Burkina Faso 28
Sri Lanka 27
Kyrgyzstan 27
Gambia 27
Ecuador 27
Cambodia 27
Bolivia 27
Middle income 27
Philippines 26
Botswana 26
World 26
Timor-Leste 25
Egypt 25
Syria 23
Romania 23
Uzbekistan 22
Paraguay 21
Papua New Guinea 21
Namibia 20
Channel Islands 20
Turkey 19
Serbia 19
Jamaica 19
Iraq 19
El Salvador 19
Cuba 19
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19
Kazakhstan 18
China 18
Sao Tome and Principe 17
Iran 17
Macedonia 16
Colombia 16
Ukraine 15
St. Lucia 15
Panama 15
Belize 15
Tunisia 14
Mexico 13
Guyana 13
Algeria 13
Libya 12
Greece 12
Dominican Republic 12
Costa Rica 12
Poland 11
Malaysia 11
Palestinian 10
Venezuela 10
Lesotho 10
Chile 10
Brazil 10
Belarus 10
Guam 9
French Polynesia 9
Uruguay 8
Turkmenistan 8
Montenegro 8
Lithuania 8
Latvia 8
Croatia 8
Russia 7
Portugal 7
Oman 7
New Zealand 7
Mauritius 7
Maldives 7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6
South Africa 6
Saudi Arabia 6
Samoa 6
Bulgaria 6
Slovenia 5
South Korea 5
Ireland 5
Hungary 5
Trinidad and Tobago 4
Switzerland 4
Spain 4
Kuwait 4
Jordan 4
Italy 4
Iceland 4
Finland 4
Estonia 4
Cyprus 4
Bahamas 4
Austria 4
United States Virgin Islands 3
Suriname 3
Slovakia 3
Puerto Rico 3
New Caledonia 3
Lebanon 3
Japan 3
France 3
Denmark 3
Czech Republic 3
Barbados 3
Australia 3
United States of America 2
Sweden 2
Norway 2
Netherlands 2
Canada 2
North America 2
United Kingdom 1
Qatar 1
Malta 1
Macao 1
Luxembourg 1
Israel 1
Germany 1
Brunei Darussalam 1
Belgium 1
Bahrain 1
Argentina 1
United Arab Emirates 0
Singapore 0
Hong Kong 0

 

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