Area32,020 sq mi (82,931. km2)
Time ZoneEastern: UTC -5/-4
Lt. GovernorHenry McMaster
U.S. SenatorLindsey Graham, Tim Scott
Joined the UnionMay 23, 1788
NicknameThe Palmetto State
Highest PointSassafras Mountain
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean
Location and Geography :
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South Carolina is located on the southeastern coast of the United States, sandwiched between North Carolina and the state of Georgia. It is considered to be a part of the Deep South region of the U.S. both culturally and geographically.
Counties and Regions :
South Carolina’s 46 counties can be generally said to be a part of one of the Upstate (northwestern), the Midlands (central), or the Lowcountry (coastal) regions. The geographical areas of South Carolina could probably be boiled down to the following:
- Blue Ridge Mountains
- Charleston Metropolitan Area
- Coastal South Carolina
- Columbia Metropolitan Area
- Rock Hill Metropolitan Area
- Sea Islands
South Carolina is home to roughly 4.6 million people, and like much of the American South is seeing an influx of regent migrants. Its population is denser closer to the cities of the coast.
Major Cities :
South Carolina’s capital is also its largest city, Columbia. It presides over the biggest metropolitan area in the state, containing over 767,000 people. The state’s next-largest city, Charleston, has nearly 660,000 people living in its metropolitan area and is of great historical and cultural importance.
Story Behind the Name :
Like North Carolina, South Carolina was originally part of an English colony known as the Province of Carolina. It was named after King Charles I, whose Latin name is “Carolus.”
History and Colonization :
Present-day South Carolina was first explored by Europeans in the sixteenth century. Spanish explorers came to the area and set up a few colonies, but these tended to be poorly supported by the Spanish government and lived harsh existences. European diseases took a heavy toll on the local Native American population, but they managed to fight off and mostly expel the Spaniards by the seventeenth century. However, English people began arriving in full force in the 1670s, and their colonization efforts were altogether more successful.
The original English colony, the Province of Carolina, split into northern and southern parts
even before the American Revolution (South Carolina and North Carolina were two of the Thirteen Original Colonies). The two areas had different cultures and different economic interests, and developed naturally into separate societies. The agricultural richness of South Carolina’s soil made it extremely attractive to plantation growers, which began a slave-based system of farming that led to African and African-American slaves actually becoming a majority of the population. South Carolina was largely Patriotic during the American Revolution, and there were a couple of hard-fought battles with Britain fought on their soil before the victory and formation of the United States.
The importance of slavery in South Carolina’s economy led to increasing tensions with the northern states, especially over the issues of representation and whether slavery would be allowed in new territories in the West. In the 1860s, South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union and was the primary founder of the Confederacy. At the close of the Civil War, however, the state’s economy and infrastructure were devastated from the fighting, and poverty and political corruption became the norm.
The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s proved to be transformative in South Carolina, as segregation and the effects of racism were particularly strong in the state. At the same time, the agriculture industry that had been the backbone of South Carolina’s culture and economy was undergoing rapid changes. Over the decades, this has led to a switch to manufacturing and technology jobs in South Carolina, in addition to the development of a strong tourist industry centered around the natural beauty of its coast.
More South Carolina Facts & Trivia
1.South Carolina housed many Native American tribes. The Cherokee, Yamasee and Catawba were the prominent ones amongst these.
2.South Carolina is part of the Eastern Time zone.
3.The palmetto tree is a crucial symbol for South Carolina. It has been so since the American Revolutionary War.
4.There are certain cities of South Carolina that are named Coward, Welcome and South of the Border.
5.South Carolina shares common borders with North Carolina and Georgia. It is also encircled by Atlantic Ocean.
6.Richland is at a distance of 13 miles from Columbia and lies to its southeast. It is exactly at the heart of South Carolina.
7.South Carolina is the place of origin of Vanna White.
8.At Fort Sumter in 1861 the earliest battle of the American Civil War was fought.
9.The official soil of South Carolina is Lynchburg.
10.It was in 1729 that North Carolina and South Carolina came into existence.
11.The earliest symphony orchestra of USA was staged in 1767. It was named Saint Cecilia Society.
12.South Carolina's earliest flag had a blue backdrop and a semi-circular moon on it.
13.Francisco de Gordillo traveled around the South Carolinian shoreline in 1521.
14.In 1629 Sir Robert Heath received a portion of land from King Charles I. It was on this site that Carolina later came to be built.
15.On 23rd May in 1789 South Carolina attained statehood.
16.In 1730, approximately 66.67% of South Carolinians were of African-American origin.
17.Albemarle Point in South Carolina is located on the banks of River Ashley. This is the area that the English first settled in when they arrived in the region.
18.South Carolina is the 40th biggest state in USA. Its aggregate area is 31,189 square miles.
19.The original society of South Carolina can be described as a rich, powerful and noble one.
20.The Shag is the officially recognized dance form in South Carolina.
Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017