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Colorado Facts

Quick Facts



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Location and Geography: Colorado is the northeastern member of the Four Corners states, considered to be culturally a part of both the American Southwest and the so-called Mountain States. Colorado is exceptionally mountainous, laying right across the southern part of the Rocky Mountain Range. Like some of the other states in the region, it is well known for its beautiful, rugged landscapes.

Counties and Regions: The state of Colorado is divided into 64 counties, which are especially important due to the fact that the state does not allow smaller levels of government. The unique physical characteristics of Colorado provide for it being divided into other geographical regions, as well:
  • Central Colorado
  • Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area
  • Eastern Plains
  • Front Range Urban Corridor
  • High Rockies
  • Mineral Belt
  • Northwestern Colorado
  • San Luis Valley
  • South-Central Colorado
  • Southwestern Colorado
  • Western Slope (of the Rocky Mountains)

Population: Colorado is home to more than five million people and is one of the fastest growing states in the United States. Much of the population is concentrated along the Front Range Urban Corridor along the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, which is a series of towns and cities that stretches north into Wyoming.

Major Cities: Denver is the capital of Colorado in addition to being its most populous city, with more than six hundred thousand residents living there and more than two and a half million people in its metropolitan area. Because Colorado does not have city governments, Denver is a county in addition to being a city.

Story Behind the Name: The state is named for the Colorado River, which in the nineteenth century many people believed originated there. The Colorado River was so named by Spanish explorers a few centuries earlier, who called it “Rio Colorado” or “red-colored river” for obvious reasons.

History and Colonization: The modern state of Colorado was populated by Native Americans for many thousands of years, and is thought to be one of the primary paths by which humans first spread from the northern climes of North America to
the southern and eastern parts of the continent. Many of the native groups that lived there in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were forced out over time, as Europeans arrived looking to plunder the mineral wealth of the Rocky Mountains. Some of the most ancient Native American artifacts and city ruins are found in Colorado even today.

Colorado was the source of numerous territorial claims by a several nations and groups in the nineteenth century. Originally claimed by the Spanish, the United States later laid claim to parts of the territory as it expanded West. Parts of what is now Colorado were claimed at various times by Mexico, the Mormon state of Deseret, and the Confederate States of America. The territory went unorganized for quite a long time, while the Native Americans, Hispanic settlers, and white prospectors that lived there carried on in absence of much governmental authority. The territory was part of a heated debate by the American North and South over whether slavery would be allowed in the western state, an argument which ultimately culminated in the American Civil War.

The Territory of Colorado was created in 1861, just as the Civil War was about to break out in the eastern half of the country. Formulated on strictly parallel boundaries out of formerly unorganized territory, Colorado’s 1861 borders remain unchanged to the present day. During the war, Confederate forces briefly occupied parts of New Mexico and Colorado before being permanently driven back. It looked as though Colorado would become a state as soon as the war ended, but bickering among the politicians at the Capitol kept Colorado from officially entering the United States until 1876.

Much of the settlement of Colorado was due to rich veins of silver and gold present in the mountains, but these were mostly exhausted by the twentieth century. The state suffered a period of stagnation for a few decades, until a burst of growth following World War II put it on the upswing. Because the mountainous territory is relatively unforgiving, humans had never densely populated Colorado. However, its population has been growing steadily in the modern age, as the state’s economy now caters to the tourism and refined technology industries.

Colorado Trivia


Colorado is the 38th state of the United States. In terms of area, it is the 8th biggest state in the country. The capital of Colorado is Denver and it is also the largest city. Colorado attained statehood on August 1, 1876 and the people of Colorado are named Coloradans. Familiarize yourself with Colorado facts and trivia to get more idea about the state. 1) The red marble that provides the Colorado State Capitol its unique grandeur is known as "Beulah red". Shaping, shining, and fixing the marble in the Capitol needed six years, since 1894 to 1900. The entire quantity of the "Beulah red" marble in the world was utilized for the Capitol. Nothing can substitute it at any cost.

2) Colorado is the sole state in the chronicles, to decline the Olympics. The Winter Olympics in 1976 were intended to be organized in Denver. Sixty two percent of the state electorate preferred at nearly the eleventh hour not to organize the Olympics, due to the expenditure, contamination, and population explosion it would create on the City of Denver and the State of Colorado.

3) Colorado Springs houses The United States Air Force Academy.

4) Grand Mesa is home to the biggest flat-top mountain in the world.

5) The town residents observe "Mike the Headless Chicken Day" in Fruita. It appears that a cultivator known as L.A. Olsen severed Mike's head in hope of a chicken feast on September 10, 1945 - and Mike survived for a further four years with no head.

6) The LoDo area of Denver represents Lower Downtown.

7) Denver declares that it created the cheeseburger. The brand for the term Cheeseburger was granted to Louis Ballast in 1935

. 8) The tallest cemented thoroughfare in Northern United States is the Way leading to Mt. Evans away from Interstate-70 of Idaho Springs. The way ascends to 14,258 feet above sea level.

9) The word Colorado stands for "colored red" and the nickname for the state is "Centennial State".

10) The Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Rail-road keeps on offering perennial train services by running a famous train with wheeled vehicles native to the line. The line was built mostly to transport mineral ores like silver and gold from the San Juan Mountains.

11) The Federal Government of the United States possesses over 33% of the territory in Colorado.

12) Colorado is home to 3/4th of the territory of the United States with an elevation of more than 10,000 feet.

13) The state is home to 222 state wildlife parks.

14) Colfax Avenue in Denver is the most extensive uninterrupted avenue in the United States.

15) The 13th stair of the state capital house in Denver is precisely 1 mile above sea level.

16) The Dwight Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel is situated in the middle of Summit County and Clear Creek County. It is the tallest vehicle passageway in the world. Dug at an altitude of 11,000 feet below the Continental Divide, the length of the tunnel is 8,960 feet and the average travel every day surpasses 26,000 cars.

17) With an altitude of 10,430 feet, the tallest incorporated city in the U.S. is Leadville. Since there were many towns with the word "silver" at that period, the political leaders and statesmen recommended Leadville.

18) The patriotic song "America the Beautiful" was authored by Katherine Lee Bates once she got motivated by the sight from Pikes Peak.

19) Loveland is the place from which hundreds of thousands of greeting cards are re-mailed annually.

20) Fountain has the merit of being the millennium city of the United States since it best represents the general make-up of America. The city is the most precise depiction of the "melting pot" in the United States. It was nominated once a social scientist of Queens College processed Census Bureau figures in an endeavor to locate the sole city in the nation that best symbolized the demographic composition of the U.S.

21) The sole city in the United States to have four surviving receivers of the Medal of Honor is Pueblo.

22) The Republic Plaza is the highest structure in Colorado and the building has 57 stories. It is situated in Denver.

23) The biggest rodeo in the world is annually held by Denver, and it is named the Western Stock Show.

24) Denver is home to the biggest city park network in the country. There are 205 parks within the city boundaries and parks covering 20,000 acres in the close by mountains.

25) Dove Creek is nicknamed the "Pinto Bean" capital of the world.

26) The highest sand dune in the United States is situated in Great Sand Dunes National Monument away from Alamosa. This out of the ordinary 46,000-acre site of 700 feet tall sand crests was the formation of wind and seawaters over one million years back.

27) Deer Trail housed the oldest rodeo of the world, which took place on July 4, 1869.

28) In 1806, Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike discovered the southwestern segment of the Louisiana Territory. In spite of the fact he never ascended the summit that carries his name, Montgomery issued a statement that drew plenty of attention to the place.

29) The motto of "Pikes Peak or Bust", highlighted throughout most of the grassland yachts, was derived at a period when voyagers started their journey to the west. Nevertheless, just a limited number of people who congregated at the area ever unearthed gold.

30) The Pikes Peak is located at an elevation of 14,110 feet above sea level and more than 400,000 mountaineers climb it every year.

31) The suitably named town of Twin Lakes puts two neighboring natural lakes at the base of Mt. Elbert, the tallest Fourteener in the state.

32) The Colorado Rockies are a division of the Cordillera in North America, which extends for 3,000 miles from Alaska, via the western United States and Canada, into northern parts of Mexico. The attractions of this spectacular mountain are the summits with elevations of more than 14,000 feet. Mountaineers lovingly call them as "Fourteeners". The state houses 52 Fourteeners.

33) Rocky Ford is nicknamed the "melon capital of the world."

34) The Yampa River underneath Craig, a town of the northwest, contains northern pike in the 20-pound variety. At the same time, the Frying Pan and Roaring Fork rivers are popular sites for trout catching.

35) The state is famous for featuring the tallest mean elevation among all the U.S. states.

36) Mesa Verde boasts a sophisticated four-story city sculpted in the rock faces by the indigenous Pueblo tribes between 600 and 1300 A.D. The secrecy bordering this very old artistic milestone is the abrupt vanishing of the thousands of residents who made over 4,000 well-known formations.

37) Colorado is home to more number of microbreweries per head than any other American state.

38) The Kit Carson County Merry-Go-Round in Burlington goes back to 1905, which makes it the first carousel made of wood in the U.S. It is the exclusive American Merry-Go-Round made of wood still with its initial coating.

39) The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad is running uninterruptedly from 1881. It has been shown in over 12 films such as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) and How the West Was Won (1963).

40) The tallest viaduct in the world is situated on the Royal Gorge close to Canon City. This suspension bridge covers the entire width of the Arkansas River at an elevation of 1,053 feet.

41) Glenwood Springs houses the biggest natural hot springs pool in the world. The pool is two blocks in length and lies crosswise the road from the famous Hotel Colorado, a preferred halt of past president Theodore Roosevelt.

42) The Astor House in Golden was constructed by Seth Lake in 1867. It was the oldest stone hotel constructed to the west of the Mississippi River.

43) The southwestern end of Colorado edges New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. It is the only site in the U.S. where the corners of four states join.

44) There are almost 20 rivers in Colorado that have their origins in the state. The Continental Divide regulates the itinerary of every river.

45) The Colorado Rockies perform at the Coors Field, situated in downtown Denver. The arena accommodates 50,000 people.

46) John Gregory found "The Gregory Lode" in a gorge in close proximity to Central City in 1859. In fourteen days, the gold rush started and in 60 days, the number of people rose to 10,000. They were looking for their luck. The name of the place was branded as "The Richest Square Mile on Earth".

47) Fort Garland is the first and foremost army base in Colorado. It was set up in 1858 and controlled by Kit Carson, the renowned backwoodsman.

48) Plentiful nesting and seasonal birds and other indigenous creatures offer a "top-notch" entertaining flora and fauna trip. Sandhill cranes, bald eagles and other birds of prey, seashore birds and aquatic birds are found on a recurrent basis at San Luis Lakes next to Alamosa.

49 Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument in the neighborhood of Cripple Creek is a famous example, traditionally laid down in the erstwhile silhouette of the Guffey Volcano. It broke open millions of years back, forming vestiges and filling the basin with fossilized plants.

50) John Henry "Doc" Holliday's short and riotous way of life took him to Glenwood Springs. On November 8, 1887, he gave way to tuberculosis and passed away at Hotel Glenwood in Glenwood Springs.

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Last Updated on: September 28th, 2017