Quantcast
Maps of World
Current, Credible, Consistent
Search
Maps / Russia Map / Russia Facts

Russia Facts




Quick Facts
Official Name Russian Federation
ContinentAsia and Europe
Lat Long60 00 N, 100 00 E
Area17,098,242 sq km
Population144,463,451[6] (without Crimea)[7] (9th)
CapitalMoscow
Largest CityMoscow
Official LanguagesRussian
Major ReligionRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
National DayRussia Day, 12 June (1990)
Form of GovernmentFederal Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic
PresidentVladimir Vladimirovich Putin
Prime MinisterDmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev
CurrencyRussian Ruble (RUB)
GDP$3.458 trillion (2015 Est.)
Calling Code7
Time Zone(UTC+2 to +12)
Internet TLD.ru, .su,

Russia Fast Facts Infographic thumbnail

Click to view full Infographic

What is the complete name of Russia ?
Russian Federation (Rossiyskaya Federatsiya)

What type of government does Russia have ?
Federal semi-presidential Republic

Who is Russia’s current president ?
Vladmir Putin

Who is Russia’s current prime minister ?
Dmitry Medvedev

What is the capital of Russia ?
Moscow

Where is Russia located ?
Northern Asia or far eastern Europe (see: Is Russia in Europe or Asia ?)

What oceans and seas border Russia ?
  1. Arctic Ocean (to the north): The White Sea, the Barents Sea, the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, the East Siberian Sea and the Chukchi Sea
  2. Pacific Ocean (to the East): the Bering Sea, the Okhotsk Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea)
  3. Other Seas (to the west & South west): the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, the Caspian Sea.

What countries share borders with Russia ?
  • Norway
  • Finland
  • Estonia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Poland
  • Belarus
  • Ukraine
  • Georgia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Kazakhstan
  • People’s Republic of China
  • Mongolia
  • North Korea

Maritime borders:
  • Japan (by the Sea of Okhotsk)
  • United States (by the Bering Strait)

How big is Russia ?
17,098,242 square kilometers
Russia is the largest country in the world at almost 2x the size of the United States, and 1/8 of the Earth’s inhabited land

What are Russia’s administrative divisions ?
Russia contains 83 federal subjects which have equal representation, but vary in levels of autonomy.

The types of divisions are : oblasts (provinces), republics, krais (territories), autonomous okrugs (autonomous districts), autonomous oblast, and federal cities.

Oblasts (provinces) – 46
  • Amur
  • Arkhangelsk
  • Astrakhan
  • Belgorod
  • Bryansk
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Irkutsk
  • Ivanovo
  • Kaliningrad
  • Kaluga
  • Kemerovo
  • Kirov
  • Kostroma
  • Kurgan
  • Kursk
  • Leningrad
  • Lipetsk
  • Magadan
  • Moscow
  • Murmansk
  • Nizhny Novgorod
  • Novgorod
  • Novosibirsk
  • Omsk
  • Orenburg
  • Oryol
  • Penza
  • Pskov
  • Rostov
  • Ryazan
  • Sakhalin
  • Samara
  • Saratov
  • Smolensk
  • Sverdlovsk
  • Tambov
  • Tomsk
  • Tver
  • Tula
  • Tyumen
  • Ulyanovsk
  • Vladmir
  • Volgograd
  • Vologda
  • Voronezh
  • Yaroslavl

Republics – 21
Somewhat autonomous areas of non-Russian ethnicity, have the right to establish an official language and constitution
  • Adygea
  • Altai
  • Bashkortostan
  • Buryatia
  • Chechnya
  • Chuvashia
  • Dagestan
  • Ingushetia
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
  • Kalmykia
  • Karachay-Cherkessia
  • Karelia
  • Khakassia
  • Komi
  • Mari El
  • Mordovia
  • North Ossetia-Alania
  • Sakha (Yakutia)
  • Tatarstand
  • Tuva
  • Udmurtia

Krais (territories) – 9
Similar to oblasts, but different designation for historical reasons:
  • Altai
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Krasnodar
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Perm
  • Primorsky
  • Stavropol
  • Zabaykalsky

Autonomous orkrugs (districts) – 4
Mostly a subordinate part of a krai or oblast:
  • Chukotka
  • Khanty-Mansi
  • Nenets
  • Yamalo-Nenets

Autonomous oblast – 1
  • Jewish Autonomous Oblast

Federal cities – 2
  • Moscow
  • St. Petersburg

How many time zones does Russia span ?
Nine.

What is the official language of Russia ?
Russian is the official language of Russia, but some regions of Russia have an additional official language. Russian is also one of the 6 official languages of the United Nations

Other official languages in Russia:
  • Abaza
  • Adyghe
  • Altay
  • Avar
  • Bashkir
  • Buryat
  • Chechen
  • Chuvash
  • Erzya
  • Ingush
  • Kabardian
  • Kalmyk
  • Karachay-Balkar
  • Khakas
  • Komi-Zyrian
  • Mansi
  • Mari
  • Moksha
  • Nogai
  • Ossetic
  • Tatar
  • Tuvan
  • Udmurt
  • Yakut
  • Yiddish

What alphabet does Russia use ?
The Russian alphabet, which is modified Cyrillic and has 33 letters

What are the 5 largest cities in Russia ?
  • Moscow
  • Saint Petersburg
  • Samara
  • Kazan
  • Novosibirsk

What modern-day countries were in the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) ?
The area included in the USSR is now divided into 15 independent countries.

Republics of the Soviet Union:
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Belarus
  • Azerbaijan
  • Georgia
  • Tajikistan
  • Moldova
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lithuania
  • Turkmenistan
  • Armenia
  • Latvia
  • Estonia

All of the former Soviet Union countries except the Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia) and Georgia are now part of the regional organization, the Commonwealth of Independent States.

ACOD~20120924

Last Updated : March 22, 2014

FAQs and Answers on History and Geography

For further info please get in touch with
Bill Spicer Executive VP, MapXL
For US Queries
  (408) 637-0064   bill@mapxl.com

-->