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What countries have the most Physics Nobel Laureates? - Answers

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What countries have the most Physics Nobel Laureates?

Nobel Prize in Physics for year 2018 was declared on 2nd of October. Arthur Ashkin of the US has won the prize for finding the usage of optical tweezers in biological system. Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada, have also been awarded jointly for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses. Donna Strickland now also stands as the third woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Alfred Nobel, the man behind the Nobel Prize stated in his will that the Nobel Prize in Physics goes to “the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics.” The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 1901 to Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. Since then, the award is a mark of honor for its recipients. A few years saw more than 1 recipient which makes a total 206 individuals who have been honored by this prestigious award.

Nobel Prize in physics is given because physics plays an important role in the society by educating the people to access the technological advancements. It also creates a room for developments and innovations, thus contributing to economic growth.

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences gives the prize and the prize has been awarded every year except for 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941 and 1942. The death anniversary of Alfred Nobel on December 10 is observed as the award giving ceremony.

Here is a list of all the Nobel Prize winners in Physics that the world has been blessed with.

Year Laureates Country
2018 Donna Strickland Canada
2018 Gerard Mourou France
2018 Arthur Ashkin United States
2017 Rainer Weiss United States
2017 Kip Thorne United States
2017 Barry Barish United States
2016 David J. Thouless United States
2016 F. Duncan M. Haldane United Kingdom
2016 John M. Kosterlitz United Kingdom
2015 Takaaki Kajita Japan
2015 Arthur B. McDonald Canada
2014 Shuji Nakamura United States
2014 Isamu Akasaki Japan
2014 Hiroshi Amano Japan
2013 Peter Higgs United Kingdom
2013 François Englert Belgium
2012 David J. Wineland United States
2012 Serge Haroche France
2011 Saul Perlmutter United States
2011 Adam G. Riess United States
2011 Brian P. Schmidt Australia
2010 Konstantin Novoselov United Kingdom
2010 Andre Geim United Kingdom
2009 Willard S. Boyle United States
2009 George E. Smith United States
2009 Charles K. Kao Hong Kong
2008 Yoichiro Nambu United States
2008 Makoto Kobayashi Japan
2008 Toshihide Maskawa Japan
2007 Peter Grünberg Germany
2007 Albert Fert France
2006 John C. Mather United States
2006 George F. Smoot United States
2005 Roy J. Glauber United States
2005 John L. Hall United States
2005 Theodor W. Hänsch Germany
2004 David J. Gross United States
2004 Hugh David Politzer United States
2004 Frank Wilczek United States
2003 Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov United States
2003 Anthony James Leggett United States
2003 Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg Russia
2002 Riccardo Giacconi United States
2002 Raymond Davis Jr. United States
2002 Masatoshi Koshiba Japan
2001 Eric Allin Cornell United States
2001 Carl Edwin Wieman United States
2001 Wolfgang Ketterle Germany
2000 Jack St. Clair Kilby United States
2000 Herbert Kroemer Germany
2000 Zhores Ivanovich Alferov Russia
1999 Gerard ‘t Hooft Netherlands
1999 Martinus J. G. Veltman Netherlands
1998 Daniel Chee Tsui United States
1998 Robert B. Laughlin United States
1998 Horst Ludwig Störmer Germany
1997 Steven Chu United States
1997 William Daniel Phillips United States
1997 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji France
1996 David Morris Lee United States
1996 Douglas D. Osheroff United States
1996 Robert Coleman Richardson United States
1995 Martin Lewis Perl United States
1995 Frederick Reines United States
1994 Clifford Glenwood Shull United States
1994 Bertram Brockhouse Canada
1993 Russell Alan Hulse United States
1993 Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. United States
1992 Georges Charpak Switzerland
1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes France
1990 Jerome I. Friedman United States
1990 Henry Way Kendall United States
1990 Richard E. Taylor Canada
1989 Norman Foster Ramsey United States
1989 Hans Georg Dehmelt United States
1989 Wolfgang Paul West Germany
1988 Leon Max Lederman United States
1988 Melvin Schwartz United States
1988 Jack Steinberger United States
1987 Johannes Georg Bednorz West Germany
1987 Karl Alexander Müller Switzerland
1986 Ernst Ruska West Germany
1986 Gerd Binnig West Germany
1986 Heinrich Rohrer Switzerland
1985 Klaus von Klitzing West Germany
1984 Simon van der Meer Netherlands
1984 Carlo Rubbia Italy
1983 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar United States
1983 William Alfred Fowler United States
1982 Kenneth G. Wilson United States
1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen United States
1981 Arthur Leonard Schawlow United States
1981 Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn Sweden
1980 James Watson Cronin United States
1980 Val Logsdon Fitch United States
1979 Sheldon Lee Glashow United States
1979 Steven Weinberg United States
1979 Abdus Salam Pakistan
1978 Arno Allan Penzias United States
1978 Robert Woodrow Wilson United States
1978 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa Soviet Union
1977 Philip Warren Anderson United States
1977 John Hasbrouck Van Vleck United States
1977 Nevill Francis Mott United Kingdom
1976 Burton Richter United States
1976 Samuel Chao Chung Ting United States
1975 Leo James Rainwater United States
1975 Aage Bohr Denmark
1975 Ben Roy Mottelson Denmark
1974 Martin Ryle United Kingdom
1974 Antony Hewish United Kingdom
1973 Ivar Giaever United States
1973 Brian David Josephson United Kingdom
1973 Leo Esaki Japan
1972 John Bardeen United States
1972 Leon Neil Cooper United States
1972 John Robert Schrieffer United States
1971 Dennis Gabor United Kingdom
1970 Louis Néel France
1970 Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén Sweden
1969 Murray Gell-Mann United States
1968 Luis Walter Alvarez United States
1967 Hans Albrecht Bethe United States
1966 Alfred Kastler France
1965 Richard Phillips Feynman United States
1965 Julian Schwinger United States
1965 Shin’ichirō Tomonaga Japan
1964 Charles Hard Townes United States
1964 Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov Soviet Union
1964 Alexander Prokhorov Soviet Union
1963 Eugene Paul Wigner United States
1963 Maria Goeppert-Mayer United States
1963 J. Hans D. Jensen West Germany
1962 Lev Davidovich Landau Soviet Union
1961 Robert Hofstadter United States
1961 Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer West Germany
1960 Donald Arthur Glaser United States
1959 Emilio Gino Segrè United States
1959 Owen Chamberlain United States
1958 Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov Soviet Union
1958 Ilya Frank Soviet Union
1958 Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm Soviet Union
1957 Tsung-Dao Lee Republic of China
1957 Chen-Ning Yang Republic of China
1956 John Bardeen United States
1956 Walter Houser Brattain United States
1956 William Bradford Shockley United States
1955 Willis Eugene Lamb United States
1955 Polykarp Kusch United States
1954 Max Born West Germany
1954 Walther Bothe West Germany
1953 Frits Zernike Netherlands
1952 Felix Bloch United States
1952 Edward Mills Purcell United States
1951 John Douglas Cockcroft United Kingdom
1951 Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton Ireland
1950 Cecil Frank Powell United Kingdom
1949 Hideki Yukawa Japan
1948 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett United Kingdom
1947 Edward Victor Appleton United Kingdom
1946 Percy Williams Bridgman United States
1945 Wolfgang Pauli Austria
1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi United States
1943 Otto Stern United States
1939 Ernest Lawrence United States
1938 Enrico Fermi Italy
1937 Clinton Joseph Davisson United States
1937 George Paget Thomson United Kingdom
1936 Carl David Anderson United States
1936 Victor Francis Hess Austria
1935 James Chadwick United Kingdom
1933 Paul Dirac United Kingdom
1933 Erwin Schrödinger Austria
1932 Werner Heisenberg Germany
1930 Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman India
1929 Louis Victor Pierre Raymond, 7th Duc de Broglie France
1928 Owen Willans Richardson United Kingdom
1927 Arthur Holly Compton United States
1927 Charles Thomson Rees Wilson United Kingdom
1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin France
1925 James Franck Germany
1925 Gustav Hertz Germany
1924 Manne Siegbahn Sweden
1923 Robert Andrews Millikan United States
1922 Niels Bohr Denmark
1921 Albert Einstein Germany
1920 Charles Édouard Guillaume Switzerland
1919 Johannes Stark Germany
1918 Max Planck Germany
1917 Charles Glover Barkla United Kingdom
1915 William Lawrence Bragg United Kingdom
1915 William Henry Bragg United Kingdom
1914 Max von Laue Germany
1913 Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes Netherlands
1912 Nils Gustaf Dalén Sweden
1911 Wilhelm Wien Germany
1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals Netherlands
1909 Karl Ferdinand Braun Germany
1909 Guglielmo Marconi Italy
1908 Gabriel Lippmann France
1907 Albert Abraham Michelson United States
1906 Joseph John Thomson United Kingdom
1905 Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard Germany
1904 Lord Rayleigh United Kingdom
1903 Antoine Henri Becquerel France
1903 Pierre Curie France
1903 Maria Skłodowska-Curie France
1902 Hendrik Lorentz Netherlands
1902 Pieter Zeeman Netherlands
1901 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Germany


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