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What countries have the highest number of researchers in science? - Answers

Questions answered : 1057||Last updated on : November 15th, 2018 At 09:20am (ET)
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What countries have the highest number of researchers in science?

World map showing science researchers around the world

Scientific and technological research plays a pivotal role in the development of a nation. In fact, the number of researchers in a particular nation is a direct indication of the role scientific and technological research plays in its development. The more the number, the better indicator it serves to be.

According to the UNESCO data, China had the maximum researchers in the field of science in the year 2012, who were into full-time employment. According to the data, the number of researchers in the country in the year stood at 1,404,017.

The United States, which is reputed for its top class education and research facilities, came at the second spot. According to the data, there were some 1,265,064 researchers working in the science sector in the country in the year 2012. Japan, which had 646,347 researchers working in the science sector in 2012, stood at the third place.

The European nations of Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy; the Asian nation of South Korea; the North American nation of Canada and the Russian Federation, which lies both in Europe and Asia, had more than 100,000 researchers working in the science sector in the year 2012.

According to the 2010 data available for Australia and India, the two nations known for their superior educational systems and research facilities, the total number of researchers working in the science sector stood at 100,414, and 192,819 respectively.

Occupying the bottom slots of the UNESCO data were nations such as Panama, Togo, Guatemala, Kuwait, and a few others, that had less than 1,000 researchers working in the science sector in the year 2012

Country Number of Researchers
China 1404017
United States of America 1265064
Japan 646347
Russian Federation 443269
Germany 352419
Republic of Korea 315589.193
France 258913
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 256156.4
Canada 161590
Spain 126777.509
Italy 110694.8
Turkey 82122.437
Netherlands 73235.104
Poland 67000.8
Ukraine 55954.8
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 52656
Malaysia 52052.25
Argentina 50489.182
Sweden 49280
Belgium 45597.265
Egypt 44692.7
Portugal 42498.2
Finland 40468.4
Denmark 40080.3
Austria 39345.6
Switzerland 35949.988
Singapore 34140.997
Czech Republic 33217.168
Morocco 28264.86
Norway 27841
Greece 24799.978
Hungary 23837
South Africa 21382.5
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 21236
Romania 18016
Tunisia 17658
Ireland 15973
Slovakia 15270.9
Serbia 11801.9
Bulgaria 11300
Slovenia 8884
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 8686
Lithuania 8023
Colombia 6944.619
Chile 6798.01
Croatia 6688
Estonia 4582
Latvia 3904
Republic of Moldova 2736
Luxembourg 2310.38
Uruguay 1825
Costa Rica 1581
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 1269
Paraguay 1081
Cyprus 877
Malta 839
Bosnia and Herzegovina 577.3
Kuwait 439
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 415.5
Guatemala 411
Togo 242.4
Panama 142
India* 192,819 (2010)
Australia* 100,414 (2010)

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