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Countries with high death rates due to non-communicable diseases

Questions answered : 953||Last updated on : September 22nd, 2018 At 05:30pm (ET)

What countries have high death rates due to non-communicable diseases?

Countries with high death rates due to non-communicable diseases

The World health Organization affirms that non-communicable diseases account for 71% of global deaths annually, killing almost 41 million people.

Non-communicable disease, also called chronic disease, tend to be of a long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. These differ from the communicable diseases as they are not infectious in nature and are not transmitted by direct contact.

Although, curative in nature, the preventive measures of the non-communicable diseases are largely associated with four major conditions. These are: alcohol and substance abuse, tobacco consumption, unhealthy eating diets and physical inactivity. It affects populations of all age groups and gender but largely is seen between the age groups of 30-69 years. The major categories of the non-communicable diseases are – cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.

Implications:

The factors affecting these non-communicable diseases are also forces resulting in rapid urbanization. Migration in search of better health facilities and means to support such expenditures drive the affected to the urban areas.

These diseases also entrench the victims into poverty due to large expenditures on treatment. This has an economic impact of undercutting productivity and loss of human resources. Healthcare expenditure was the highest for cardiovascular diseases, increasing the per capita healthcare expenditure and affecting the national income.

How the global community approaches these challenges will determine the global health landscape for years to come. The low-and-middle income countries account for 80% of the deaths by non-communicable diseases. It is the young populations in these countries that become the target. The World Economic Forum has placed non-communicable diseases third, in terms of risk to global economic loss and fourth in terms of impact. The NCD epidemic is growing fastest in the poorest countries: NCDs are among the leading killers in the poorest countries and the epidemiological transition in these countries is taking place very rapidly.

This has attracted the global attention, ensuing in various measures taken to combat the alarming issue. The president of the United Nations with the support of WHO organized and presided over an interactive hearing in July on ‘Prevention and Control of NCDs,’ in order to tackle the global epidemic.

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in order to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases on its member states has adopted a resolution that recognizes the work and achievements of the United Nations Interagency Task Force on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (UNIATF) and the need for greater resources to be made available for the prevention and control of NCDs.

Statistically, countries like Macedonia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina have high cases of deaths reported by NCDs ranging between 94.5%-95.3% of the total deaths. Local community-based approaches and multi-sectoral collaboration for health policies are crucial in attaining sustainable results. On the other hand, African nations like Somalia, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Kenya, Niger and Chad have lower reported cases of deaths by NCDs, ranging between 23.9%-27.3% of the total deaths. The failure in African countries in implementing public health awareness programs and waning from achieving NCDs indicators refrain them from progressing.

Below lying table depicts the percentage deaths by NCDs of the total number of deaths, in countries -:

Country

(%Total)

Country

(%Total)

Macedonia

95.3

Panama

74.6

Bulgaria

95.2

Paraguay

74.4

Montenegro

95

Vanuatu

74.1

Serbia

94.6

Thailand

74

Bosnia and Herzegovina

94.5

Bahamas

73.9

Hungary

93.8

Brazil

73.9

Georgia

93.7

El Salvador

73.8

Armenia

93.3

Malaysia

73.6

Finland

93.2

Singapore

73.6

Albania

93.1

Indonesia

73.3

Estonia

92.7

Saudi Arabia

73.2

Croatia

92.4

Kuwait

72.4

Austria

92.2

Dominican Republic

72.3

Romania

92.2

Ecuador

72.2

Latvia

91.8

Libya

71.9

Spain

91.4

Oman

71.9

Italy

91.4

Cabo Verde

70.3

Germany

91.2

Venezuela

69.5

Cyprus

91.1

Peru

69.2

Ukraine

91

Tajikistan

69.2

Ireland

90.6

Qatar

68.9

Lebanon

90.6

Solomon Islands

68.9

Belarus

90.5

Bhutan

68.6

Malta

90.5

Myanmar

67.8

Poland

90.3

Guyana

67.6

Moldova

90.1

Belize

67.4

Czech Republic

89.9

Philippines

67.3

Sweden

89.9

Bangladesh

66.9

Iceland

89.8

Honduras

66.5

Lithuania

89.8

Nepal

66.2

Denmark

89.7

Bolivia

64.5

Switzerland

89.6

Cambodia

64.4

Netherlands

89.6

Kiribati

64.4

Australia

89.5

India

62.7

New Zealand

89.5

South Asia

62.4

Turkey

89.4

Laos

59.6

China

89.3

Guatemala

59.2

Slovakia

89.2

Pakistan

57.8

United Kingdom

88.8

Haiti

57.1

Mauritius

88.7

Yemen

56.6

Luxembourg

88.4

Papua New Guinea

55.9

Slovenia

88.4

Iraq

54.7

Canada

88.3

Sao Tome and Principe

54.7

United States of America

88.3

Sudan

52.2

France

87.6

South Africa

51.3

Russia

87.4

Botswana

45.7

Norway

87

Timor-Leste

45.4

Azerbaijan

86.6

Eritrea

45.2

Greece

86.2

Syria

45.1

Kazakhstan

86

Djibouti

44.4

Israel

85.8

Afghanistan

44.1

Tunisia

85.8

Rwanda

44

Belgium

85.7

Madagascar

43.2

Portugal

85.6

Ghana

42.7

Uruguay

84.9

Senegal

42.1

Brunei Darussalam

84.8

Comoros

41.7

Chile

84.7

Gabon

41

Fiji

84.4

Namibia

40.9

Maldives

84.4

Ethiopia

39.3

Egypt

84.1

Togo

37.6

Cuba

83.7

Cote d’Ivoire

37.2

Uzbekistan

83.7

Mauritania

37.2

North Korea

83.6

Swaziland

36.7

Costa Rica

83.3

Equatorial Guinea

35.9

Bahrain

83

Benin

35.7

Barbados

82.8

Cameroon

35.2

Sri Lanka

82.8

Guinea

35.1

Kyrgyzstan

82.7

Republic of the Congo

34.6

Tonga

82.7

Gambia

34.3

Japan

82.4

Sierra Leone

33.2

St. Lucia

82

Zimbabwe

33

Iran

81.9

Tanzania

32.9

Antigua and Barbuda

81.8

Uganda

32.9

Grenada

81.3

Burkina Faso

32.7

Samoa

81

Lesotho

32.3

Seychelles

80.8

Burundi

32.1

Jamaica

80

Malawi

31.7

Mexico

79.9

Liberia

31.4

South Korea

79.8

Mali

30.5

Mongolia

79.7

Guinea-Bissau

30

Morocco

79.6

Zambia

29.2

Jordan

78.4

Nigeria

29

Caribbean small states

77.9

Democratic Republic of the Congo

28

Argentina

77.6

Angola

27.4

Vietnam

77.2

South Sudan

27.3

United Arab Emirates

76.8

Chad

27.3

Nicaragua

76.4

Kenya

27.1

Turkmenistan

76.2

Niger

27

Suriname

75.9

Mozambique

26.9

Algeria

75.7

Central African Republic

26

Colombia

74.8

Somalia

23.9

Federated States of Micronesia

74.8

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