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What are the Key Facts of Seychelles? - Answers

Questions answered : 1249||Last updated on : July 17th, 2019 At 09:43am (ET)
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What are the Key Facts of the Seychelles?

Seychelles Map
Map of Seychelles

Official Name

Republic of Seychelles

Continent

Africa

Capital

Victoria

Largest City

Victoria

Coordinates

-4.668298, 55.467239

Area

177 sq mi ( 459 sq km)

Land Boundaries

0 mi (0 km)

Coastline

305 mi ( 491 km)

Currency

Seychellois rupee (SCR)

Neighboring Countries

Nearby island countries include Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, and Maldives.

Population

94,228 (2016 est.)

Official Languages

English, French, Seychellois Creole

Major Religion

Christianity

National Day

18 June (Constitution Day), 29 June (Independence Day)

National Anthem

“Koste Seselwa”

Form of Government

Unitary presidential republic

President

Danny Faure

Vice President

Vincent Mériton

GDP per capita (PPP)

$29,327.6 (World Bank, 2017)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$15,629.3 (World Bank, 2017)

HDI

0.797 (2017), Rank: 62

Literacy Rate

NA

Space Agency

NA

Military Expenditure Ranking

142 (SIPRI, 2017)

No. of Olympic Medals

0 (as of 2018)

Driving Side

Left

Calling Code

+248

Time Zone

UTC+4 (SCT)

Internet TLD

.sc

Where are the Seychelles?

The Seychelles is an archipelago country (made up of 115 islands), located in the Indian Ocean. Its capital Victoria is located 1,500 kilometers (932 miles) to the east of East Africa. While island nations such as Mauritius, Comoros, and Madagascar are located to the south, Chagos Archipelago and Maldives are located to the east of Seychelles. The nearest foreign mainland country to Seychelles is Somalia.

What is the Geography of Seychelles?

The total landmass of the Seychelles is just 455 square kilometers (176 square miles). The Seychelles archipelago has two kinds of regions:

  • Granitic islands: The main islands in this group include Mahé, Praslin Island, La Digue, and Silhouette Island.
  • Coralline outer islands: The main coralline islands are Bird Island and Denis Island.
  • Artificial islands: Romainville Island is an artificial island.

While the granitic islands are the oldest ones, the coralline islands are the younger ones. Around one-third of the total land area of the Seychelles is present in Mahé (the largest island in the group with 156.7 square kilometer area); another one-third is present in Aldabra coral atoll.

The coralline islands are predominantly flat and rise just a few feet above sea level. However, they have elevated coral reefs, which are formed at different stages. Mahé’s landscape is mainly rocky along with a narrow coastal strip. A range of hills (running upwards of over 2,000 feet or 609 meters) is present in the central part of the island. Morne Seychellois is the highest point in Seychelles with 2,969 feet (905 m) height. It is located in mountainous formations in Mahé island.

There are 41 peaks in Seychelles archipelago. Some of the major ones include Morne Seychellois, Trois Freres, Congo Rouge, Mont Le Niol, Morne Blanc, Monte Jasmin, Mount Harrison, Mount Simpson, Castle Peak, Copolia, Peak 493 m, Les Dents, New Savy, Mont Coton, Monte Brulée, and many more.

No significant rivers or lakes are present in Seychelles archipelago. Some of the rivers found in these islands are concentrated mostly in Mahé. Those rivers are Rochon, Cascade, Bougainville, Du Cap, Barbarons, Dupuy, and Caiman rivers. 491 km (305 miles) is the total coastline of Seychelles archipelago.

The Seychelles islands have a tropical climate. The weather is predominantly warm and humid. Strong maritime influences are there. Throughout the year, some humidity is always there, due to the influence of the sea. The temperature hovers around 24-32°C consistently.

May to October is relatively cool and dry. In July-August, the average temperature revolves around 27°C . Seas remain a little choppy. In November, light, warmer winds start blowing. This is the main rainy season of Seychelles archipelago. December-January witness light winds blowing, and the sun is warmest during this time. The vegetation is lush green during these months. In fact, December and January is also the cyclonic season. However, cyclone belt is mainly located in the most remote southern islands. April is the calmest and warmest month. During this month, the wind direction starts changing. In fact, October to April is calm and warm.

What is the Economy of the Seychelles?

The economy of the Seychelles has grown by 7 times since independence in 1976. Tourism (which employs around 30% of the total labor force) is the main contributor to the growth of the Seychelles economy. The Seychelles government is also providing emphasis on other sectors such as tuna fishing, farming, and small-scale manufacturing for reducing the economy’s overdependence on tourism. The government is also encouraging foreign investment for upgrading the hotels as well as other services.

Since its near-subsistence level during pre-independence time, the country has now grown significantly to be considered among upper-middle-income group. In 2017, Seychelles grew at 4.1%, thanks to the strong performance of the tourism sector and low commodity prices. While Per Capita GDP of the country is US$ 15,578, its nominal GDP is $1.475 billion (IMF, 2017).

What is the Transportation System of the Seychelles?

The transportation System of the Seychelles mostly includes 526 km of roads, and airports, and seaports. The country has one registered air carrier, and 14 airports. The main ones are Seychelles International Airport and Praslin Island Airport. There are no major railways available in Seychelles, while Victoria is the main seaport.

What International Organizations is the Seychelles part of?

UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, IMF, WTO (observer), ILO, WHO, Interpol, NAM, G-77, ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, C, CD, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMO, InOC, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, OIF, OPCW, SADC, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WIPO, and WMO.

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Location of Seychelles
Location of Seychelles

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