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What are the Key Facts of Guinea? | Guinea Facts - Answers


Questions answered : 1493||Last updated on : September 22nd, 2020 At 09:29am (ET)
Answers » Geography » What are the Key Facts of Guinea?

What are the Key Facts of Guinea?

Map of Guinea
Map of Guinea which lies in the Continent of Africa

Official Name

Republic of Guinea

Continent

Africa

Capital

Conakry

Largest City

Conakry

Coordinates

11.000000, -10.000000

Area

94,926 sq. mi (245,857 sq. km)

Land Boundaries

2,514 mi (4,046 km)

Coastline

199 mi (320 km)

Currency

Guinean franc (GNF)

Neighboring Countries

Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone

Population

12,771,250 (World Bank, 2019)

Official Languages

French

Major Religion

Islam

National Day

2 October (Independence Day)

National Anthem

“Liberte”

Form of Government

Presidential republic

President

Alpha Condé

Vice-President

Ibrahima Kassory Fofana

GDP per capita (PPP)

$ 2,670.3 (World Bank, 2019)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$ 1,064.1 (World Bank, 2019)

HDI

0.466 (2019), Rank: 174

Literacy Rate (%)

32.00 (UNESCO, 2014)

Space Agency

NA

Military Expenditure Ranking

111 (SIPRI, 2019)

No. of Olympic Medals

0 (as of 2018)

Driving Side

right

Calling Code

224

Time Zone

UTC (GMT)

Internet TLD

.gn

Where is Guinea?

Guinea (whose official name is the Republic of Guinea and formerly known as French Guinea) is a West African country located between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean.

As “Guinea” is the eponymous region, many other countries in that region also share the name such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. That’s why Guinea is also called Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from other countries and the name of the eponymous region.

What is the Geography of Guinea?

Guinea spreads across a total area of 245,857 sq. km (94,926 sq. mi). Out of the total area, 245,717 sq. km (94,872 sq. mi) is land and 140 sq. km (54 sq. mi) is water.

The total land boundary of Guinea is 4,046 km (2,514.1 mi) long. Guinea shares its borders with 6 countries: Mali (1,062 km or 659.9 mi) to the north-east, Cote d’Ivoire or Ivory Coast (816 km or 507 mi) to the east, Sierra Leone (794 km or 493.4 mi) to the south-west, Liberia (590 km or 366.6 mi) to the south, Guinea-Bissau (421 km or 261.6 mi) to the north-west, and Senegal (363 km or 225.6 mi) to the north.

Guinea has a 320 km (198.8 mi) long coastline coast. The North Atlantic Ocean borders the country along the southwestern coast. The mean elevation of the country is 472 m (1,548.6 ft). While the highest point is Mont Nimba at 1,752 m (5,748 ft), the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean at 0 m (0 ft).

Guinea’s terrain is characterized by flat coastal plain and hilly-to-mountainous landforms in the interior. There are four geographic regions in the country: Guinea Highlands, Upper Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, and Lower Guinea.

  1. Guinea Highlands is a hilly region that is located in the southeast corner of the country. The highest mountain in this West African region is Mount Nimba, which is located in Guinea Highlands. It is also called the Forest Region because of the densely forested slopes of Mount Nimba. This forested region is part of the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  2. Upper Guinea mainly consists of the Niger Plains that slope northeastward toward the Sahara. Rounded granite hills, as well as outliers of the Fouta Djallon, disrupt the flat relief. These rocks are made up of granite, quartzite, crystalline rock (schist), and gneiss. The mean elevation of Upper Guinea is around 300 m (984 ft).
  3. The coastal region, including the coastal plain, is called Lower Guinea. The coastal area has witnessed marine submergence in recent times. Rias or drowned river valleys mark the coastal region, forming inlets as well as tidal estuaries. Many former hills have now become offshore islands. As you move to the east, the immediate inland area gently rises as a rolling coastal plain. Fouta Djallon highlands’ rocky spurs in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula and in the north at Cape Verga break these rolling coastal plains. The plain in the southern region of the country is wider than the northern area. Its width ranges within 48-80 km (30-50 mi). Laterite and sandstone gravel covers the base rocks of granite and gneiss.
  4. Fouta Djallon highlands rise in a series of abrupt faults from the coastal plain. This landform spreads across a total area of 78,000 sq km (30,000 sq mi). More than 13,000 sq km (5,000 sq mi) of Fouta Djallon highlands is situated at more than 900 m (3,000 ft). It is an enormous sandstone block consisting of level plateaus broken by valleys and dotted with sills and dikes. This landform also consists of igneous rock, which resulted from exposed structures of ancient volcanism.

To the northeast of Conakry Mount, Kakoulima Massif is located. Its height is around 998 m (3,273 ft). Tamgué is the highest elevation point in the Fouta Djallon highlands with 1,538 m (5,046 ft).

Guinea’s highest mountains are Mont Nimba, Mount Kakulima, Kambo, Belakaniaré, Bonkoui, and many more.

Guinea is the origination point of more than twenty rivers in West Africa. Some of the country’s major rivers are the Niger River, Bafing, Bakoye, Gambia River, Sankarani, Milo, Tinkisso, Konkouré, Fatala, Kolenté, Saint Paul River, Moa River, Rio Nunez, and others.

What is the Climate of Guinea?

A tropical climate is found in Guinea. While it remains dry during the winter season, it receives lots of rainfall during the summer season due to the south-west monsoon. The coastal region gets annual precipitation of around 4,000 mm (155 in).

In the capital city, Conakry (located in the coastal area), the rainy season lasts from May to November. However, the cities in the east, such as Kankan, receive rainfall from May to October.

The winter season starts in December and continues till February. It remains predominantly hot, dry, and sunny. Harmattan, a north-east wind, blows during the winters. This wind blows from the desert and carries dust and sand particles. The average maximum temperature during winter season hovers around 90-93 °F (32-34 °C). However, it can peak at 104 °F (40 °C).

The southern region of Guinea receives the first showers. However, the heat gets more intense in the central and northern parts of the country. During the spring season, the ocean breeze and higher altitude in the south-central inland areas mitigate the coastal regions’ temperature.

What is the Economy of Guinea?

Guinea’s economy is dependent mainly on agriculture and mining of natural resources (such as bauxite, high-grade iron ore, diamonds, and gold). US Geological Survey’s estimate says that the country houses around 1/4th of the world’s total bauxite reserves. There is considerable potential for growth in agriculture, fishing, and uranium mining.

The unfavorable factors restricting Guinea to grow at its full potential are political instability, consistently high level of corruption over the years, lack of government transparency, inefficiency, low international commodity prices, and the Ebola virus epidemic.

The nominal GDP of Guinea grew at an annual rate of 5.577% to US$13.59 billion in 2019. The export and import values of the country in 2018 were US$5.77 billion and US$4.26 billion, respectively.

The major exports are Gold, Aluminium Ore, Petroleum Gas, Aluminum Oxide, and Non-fillet Frozen Fish. Guinea’s major imports are Rice, Refined Petroleum, Packaged Medicaments, Rolled Tobacco, and Rubber Footwear.

The unemployment rate increased from 4.2% in 2018 to 4.3% in 2019. The poverty rate in Guinea is around 55% even though the country has the highest per capita income in the African continent. Around 20% of the population lives in extreme poverty.

What is the Transportation System of Guinea?

Guinea has 16 airports, out of which 12 have paved runways, and 4 have unpaved runways. Major airports are Conakry International Airport (Conakry), Faranah Airport (Faranah), Tata Airport (Labe), etc.

The total roadways in Guinea are 44,301 km (27,527.7 mi) long, out of which 3,346 km (2079.1 mi) is paved, and the rest 40,955 km (25448.3 mi) is unpaved. Guinea has 1,086 km (674.8 mi) long railways, out of which 279 km (292.7 mi) is a standard gauge and 807 km (501.4 mi) is a narrow gauge.

1,300 km (807.8 mi) long navigable waterway is present in Guinea. The major seaports are Conakry and Kamsar. There are just two merchant marine vessels in Guinea.

What International Organizations is Guinea Part of?

WTO, IMF, UN, WHO, ILO, UNESCO, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UNCTAD, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WIPO, WMO, EITI (compliant country), ISO (correspondent), ITUC (NGOs)

Related Maps:
Map of World Depicting Location of Guinea
Location Map of Guinea
Political Map of Guinea
Guinea Political Map
Map of Africa
Africa Map

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