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Top 10 Richest Countries in the World

World map showing the Top 10 Richest Countries based on GDP (PPP) per capita. Click on shaded area on map for more Information about the country.

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Richest Countries in the World USA Norway Luxemburg Switzerland Qatar United Arab Emirates Kuwait Singapore Brunei Darussalam Hong Kong
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Top 10 Richest Countries in the World 2015

RankCountryGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
4Brunei Darussalam78475.631
7United Arab Emirates66996.664
8San Marino62119.793
10Hong Kong SAR56689.148
Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook Database, October 2015

This map shows the top ten richest countries in the world calculated as per their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) divided by the mid-year or average population of each country in that year, to arrive at the GDP at Purchasing Power Parity per capita (PPP) for the year.

These estimates are made every year by international financial organizations such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. While the GDP (PPP) is a good indicator of a country's wealth, calculations based on nominal GDP often tend to overlook the cost of living in each country. This list of the top ten richest countries in the world is based on the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook Database October 2014, which uses the GDP per capita of each country, adjusted for cost of living and inflation rates of different countries. Smaller nations such as Qatar and Luxembourg therefore, head the list.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total market value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given time period. In the rankings of the World's Top 10 Richest Countries based on GDP (PPP) per capita for the year, Qatar is placed first, with Luxembourg placed second. Qatar is an oil rich country in the Middle East with an abundance of natural resources, such as natural gas.

Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world, located in northwestern Europe, whose population enjoys a high standard of living. It is also a favorite destination among European countries for political activities, thanks to its central location not far from EU headquarters. Once bolstered by the iron and steel industry, Luxembourg's economy is working to maintain its momentum by providing international banking and financial services. Among the countries on the list, six are in Asia (Qatar, Singapore, Brunei, Kuwait, UAE, and Hong Kong), three are from Europe (Luxembourg, Norway, and Switzerland), and one is from North America (USA). International financial services, tourism, petroleum and natural gas exports, electronic goods manufacturing, facilitating international trade (as in the case of Singapore) and a flourishing service sector are the keystones behind the economic success of these nations which has led to their topping the table of the richest countries in the world.

  1. Qatar - Richest Country in the World

    Qatar tops the list of the 10 richest countries in the world because of its record-breaking GDP per capita, which is $1,45,894.18 . The country has a well evolved oil exploration industry and is considered the mainstay of Qatar's economy. It is striking to note that the petroleum industry contributes over 62% towards the government revenue, approximately 92% towards export earnings, and over 60% towards GDP. Qatar is also one of the nations that has invested hugely in British property and firms.

  2. Luxembourg
    Luxembourg with just half a million population ranks number second in the list and has per capita GDP of $90,332.89 , which is multiple times of the world average. The cornerstone of this powerful economy is its exuberant financial sector (with bank holdings almost 20 times of its GDP size), ever increasing and diversified industries to include – steel, rubber, chemicals, etc. and its judicious fiscal policies. Its proximity with Belgium, France, and Germany is also a crucial factor for the prosperity and economic growth of the nation.

  3. Singapore
    Singapore, officially known as the Republic of Singapore, is the tiny and self-governing city-state of Southeast Asia. Ranked as the third richest country in the world, it has per capita GDP of $78,761.92 and is one of the world's leading center for commerce. The foundation of Singapore’s wealth is its service sector for finance (the fourth largest financial center), its liberal economic ground that promotes innovation and growth, and its export industry for chemicals. Moreover, the country has the world's second busiest port that exported $414 billion of commodities in the year 2011. In 2014, it handled 33.9 million 20-foot containers.

  4. Brunei Darussalam
    The world's fourth richest country, Brunei, has extraordinary wealth owing to its extensive natural gas and oil reserves. The per capita GDP is $73,823.13 and the data indicates that both oil and gas reserves contribute more than 70% towards the nation's economy and around 90% of exports in terms of revenue. Moreover, the country seeks to encourage more and more investment, becoming self-sufficient in food sector, and observing high standards of administration in both private and public sectors.

  5. Kuwait
    Kuwait is a small but a wealthy economy. The country’s crude oil reserves, which are about 102 billion barrels, form more than 6% of the world reserves. The per capita GDP is $70,785.46 . Oil sector dominates the economy. Petroleum accounts for over half of the GDP of the country, 89% of the government income and 94% of export revenues. The Kuwait oil exports are oil products, chemical fertilizers, crude oil, liquefied petroleum gas, salt and chlorine.

  6. Norway
    Norway or the Kingdom of Norway has the world's sixth highest per capita GDP - $64,363.14 – allowing its five million population to reap the profit of its strong economy. Having large-scale reserves of natural gas, petroleum, minerals, seafood, and fresh water, Norway is the third biggest exporter of natural gas, and seventh largest oil exporter.

  7. United Arab Emirates
    UAE is a prosperous nation. It is an open economy and has a high per capita income. The per capita GDP of UAE is $63,180.83 . The small nation has 10% of the world’s total supply of oil reserves and the world’s fifth largest natural gas reserves. Oil, which is the mainstay of the UAE economy, accounts for around 30% of the country’s GDP.

  8. Switzerland
    Switzerland is among those nations that has the world's most stable economy with per capita GDP of $53,976.60 . The keys to the nation's economic livelihood include Swiss banking and financial institutions, highly evolved service sectors, dexterous labor force, and manufacturing industries based on high technology. Moreover, Switzerland has access to extraordinary capital to use for investment motives as world's wealthiest people and companies hold Swiss Bank accounts. Also, the nation's most popular cities – Geneva and Zurich – have repeatedly appeared in the top ten list of highest living standard cities in the world.

  9. United States
    While most nations mentioned in the list have relatively small populations, it is striking to note that the USA, the world's biggest economy, can maintain per capita GDP of $53,000.97 . Having a population of more than 300 million people, the country maintain its biggest and technologically robust economy through its substantial indigenous automotive industry, democratic set up that guards entrepreneurial spirit, and technological sector that upholds innovation.

  10. Hong Kong SAR
    A free market economy and one of the world’s leading financial centers, the per capita GDP of Hong Kong is $52,984.06 . As per the Index of Economic Freedom, Hong Kong has had the highest degree of economic freedom in the world. Close ties to mainland China, virtually no public debt, a sound banking system and a huge amount of foreign exchange reserves are some of the positive points of the economy of Hong Kong.

Gross domestic product From 2010 to 2014 (in USD)
Country name 2010 2011 2012 20132014
United States14,964,372,000,00015,517,926,000,00016,163,158,000,00016,768,053,000,00017,419,000,000,000
United Kingdom2,407,856,922,126.102,592,015,702,611.802,614,946,487,602.802,678,173,487,557.302,941,885,537,461.50
Russian Federation1,524,917,468,4421,904,793,932,483.202,016,112,133,645.502,079,024,782,973.301,860,597,922,763.40


10 Richest Countries in the World in year 2013

RankCountryCapitalCurrencyGDP (Per Capita $)
2LuxembourgLuxembourg CityEuro 77,958
3SingaporeSingaporeSingapore Dollar60,799
4NorwayOsloNorwegian Krone54,397
5Brunei DarussalamBandar Seri BegawanBrunei Dollar54,114
6United StatesWashington D.C.US Dollar51,704
7SwitzerlandBernSwiss Franc44,864
8San MarinoCity of San MarinoEuro42,724
9CanadaOttawaCanadian Dollar42,317
10AustraliaCanberraAustralian Dollar41,954
Source : International Monetary Fund (World Economic Outlook Database-October 2013)


Last Updated : November 16, 2015

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