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Map of Solomon Islands

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The Solomon Islands are an island group in the South Pacific, near Papua New Guinea, Nauru, Vanuatu, and Australia in Oceania. The capital of the Solomon Islands is Honiara on Guadalcanal Island.
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The earliest human population on the Solomon Islands arrived via canoe from New Guinea around 4000 BC. These Austronesian people established an agricultural and fishing community on the islands, and built fortresses and shrines during their time. European explorers arrived in the Solomon Islands in 1568, beginning with a Spanish ship sailing from Peru, and arriving at the Santa Isabel island. The Spanish explorers named the islands Solomon Islands after the Biblical King Solomon, who they believed had stashed his treasures there.
Several attempts by the Spanish to establish a colony in the Solomon Islands failed, and visits by explorers from the Netherlands, France, and Britain also failed. The native people did not welcome the Europeans, who were often met with violence. Nonetheless, the Germans and British sent expeditions and missionaries to the Solomon Islands in the 1800s, and many of the natives were captured and sold into slavery. Germany declared the northern islands a German Protectorate in 1886, while the southern islands became a British protectorate in 1893. After a treaty between Germany and the UK, the British protectorate was expanded to include the northern islands.

During World War II, the Solomon Islands were occupied by the Japanese and were the site of many devastating battles. After the war, local governments were established and the islands moved toward self-governance with national elections held in 1964. Britain felt the economic burden of supporting the protectorate in the 1970s, and granted independence to the Solomon Islands in 1978. Since independence, the Solomon Islands faced a civil war, caused by ethnic tensions. The war began in 1999, and continued through 2003, when an intervention by international peacekeepers from around Oceania finally ended the war.

Neighboring Countries : 
The Solomon Islands are located nearby Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Nauru, and Tuvalu.

Major Cities : 
  • Honiara (capital)
  • Yandina
  • Luala
  • Auki
  • Kirakira
Geography : 
The Solomon Islands are located in Oceania's Melanesia region in the western Pacific. The island nation is comprised of many islands and islets. Major islands include Guadalcanal, Choiseul, Sikaiana, Malaita, Santa Isabel, and island groups, the Shortland Islands, New Georgia Islands, Florida Islands, and the Santa Cruz Islands.

The archipelago was formed by volcanic activity, and includes several volcanoes, some of which are still active. The highest point in the Solomon Islands is located at the top of Mount Popomanaseu, which is a volcano on Guadalcanal, and stands 2,335 meters (7,661 feet) above sea level. Other major mountains are Mount Makarakomburu, the second highest point in the country, and the volcanoes of Tinakula and Kavachi. The terrain of the Solomon Islands is mostly rainforests, rugged mountains, and many coral reefs off the coasts, surrounding the islands. The rivers of the Solomon Islands include Lunga River, Matanikau River, and Tenaru River.

Points of Interest : 
The Solomon Islands feature many scenic natural destinations, including the beaches, rainforests, and volcanoes. The beaches of the Solomon Islands offer relaxing getaways as well as water recreation. Diving is a popular activity in the Solomon Islands, including several shipwrecks for exploring, and East Rennell is home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site for having the largest raised coral atoll worldwide. The rainforests of the Solomon Islands are a habitat to many species of flora and fauna, while the Mataniko and Tenaru Falls are some of the country's most impressive waterfalls. The volcanoes are worth a visit as well, and Savo Island offers a quiet getaway.

The main island, Guadalcanal, is home to the capital of the Solomon Islands, Honiara. The island features historical sites, including the sites of battles of World War II. In Honiara, visitors will find a museum, a cultural center, a market with handicrafts and jewelry, as well as local foods, casinos, and churches.

Transportation : 
The main airport in the Solomon Islands is Honiara International Airport, which is just outside of Honiara. The only other way of getting into the Solomon Islands is via boat, with cruises and boats from other neighboring islands, including Papua New Guinea. The airport offers service from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, and Vanuatu. Domestic service is available on small aircraft between the islands. Small boats and ferries are the best way of traveling between the islands, with a number of passenger services. Getting around the capital is quick and inexpensive via taxi, while minibuses are another option between major areas.

ACOD~20130226
ProvincePop-2009Pop-1999Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Capital Territory64,60949,107228Honiara
Central26,05121,577615237Tulagi
Choiseul26,37220,0083,8371,481Taro Island
Guadalcanal93,61360,2755,3362,061Honiara
Isabel26,15820,4214,1361,597Buala
Makira40,41931,0063,1881,231Kirakira
Malaita137,596122,6204,2251,631Auki
Rennell and Bellona3,0412,377671259Tigoa
Temotu21,36218,912895346Lata
Western76,64962,7395,4752,114Gizo
10 divisions515,870409,04228,40010,965

Note  : -Pop-2009: 2009-11-22 census (source [4]).
Pop-1999: 1999-11-21 census (source [2]).
Areas: Source [1].

ACOD~20140128

Last Updated On : October 25, 2012



The Solomon Islands Flag was acquired on 18th November in the year of 1977, just ahead of the Solomon Islands achieved its freedom from Britain.
Capital Honiara
Population 552,267 (2011)
Area 28,400 sq. km.
Currency Solomon Islands dollar
Official Language English Language
President Gordon Darcy Lillo
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