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Maps / World War I / Second Battle of Marne - 1918

Second Battle of Marne - 1918

When:
July 15 – August 6, 1918

Where:
Marne River, France – Western Front

Who:
Allied Powers – British Empire
Allied Powers – France
Allied Powers – Italy
Associated Powers - USA
Central Powers – German Empire

Summary:
German General Erich Ludendorff planned a diversionary offensive in July 1918,

in an attempt to distract the Allied troops from Belgium and to win World War I. The two-pronged attack on the French Fourth Army and the French Sixth Army was carried out by the German First and Third Armies, and the German Seventh and Ninth Armies respectively. The attack against the French Fourth Army was led by General Bruno von Mudra and General Karl von Einem at the Reims while the attack against the French Sixth Army was led by General Max von Boehn. The French Army was supported by 85,000 U.S. soldiers and troops from the BEF.

The attack to the east at Reims was quickly repelled and was not resumed by the German Army. The German Seventh and Ninth Armies to the west, met with some success. The crossed the Marne River, but were ultimately stopped by the French Ninth Army under the command of General Antoine de Mitry on July 17, 1918.

French Commander in Chief, Ferdinand Foch quickly organized a counter attack. The Italian troops supported twenty-four French divisions of the French Sixth and Tenth Armies and over 350 tanks in this counter-attack. By July 20, 1918, the German troops thought it wise to retreat to the Aisne-Vesle valley. The Allies were stopped in the onslaught on August 6, 1918.

Outcome:
The Second Battle of the Marne was a disaster for the Central camp. The Germans recorded a loss of 168,000 soldiers. The losses in the Allied ranks were also high. The French lost 95,000 men and the BEF lost 13,000 soldiers. The United States recorded 12,000 casualties. The loss of morale for Germany was probably the more scalding outcome of the battle. Most German commanders saw the failure at the Second Battle of the Marne as the beginning of defeat with respect to the war as a whole.





  Second Battle of Marne - 1918  
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Battle of Tannenberg – 1914Battles of Gaza - 1917
Battle of Heligoland Bight - 1914Second Battle of Marne - 1918
First Battle of Marne – 1914Second Battle of Marne - 1918
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes – 1914Battle of Messines – 1917
First Battle of Aisne – 1914Battle of Passchendaele - 1917
First Battle of Albert - 1914Battle of Caporetto - 1917
First Battle of Arras – 1914Battle of Cambrai - 1917
First Battle of Ypres – 1914German Spring Offensive - 1918
Gallipoli Campaign – 1915Hundred Days Offensive - 1918
Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes – 1915Battle of Passchendaele - 1917
Battles of Isonzo – 1915Second Battle of Somme - 1918
Loos-Artois Offensive - 1915Second Battle of Marne - 1918
Battle of Verdun - 1916Battle of St Mihiel - 1918
Battle of Passchendaele - 1917Battle of Cambrai - 1917
First Battle of Somme - 1916Battle of Vittori Veneto - 1918


For further info please get in touch with
Bill Spicer Executive VP, MapXL
For US Queries
  (408) 637-0064   bill@mapxl.com

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