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Maps / World War I / First Battle of the Masurian Lakes - 1914

First Battle of the Masurian Lakes - 1914

When:
September 9 – September 14, 1914

Where:
East Prussia – Eastern Front

Who:
Russian First Army (commanded by Paul von Rennenkampf) and German Eighth Army (led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff)

Summary:
The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes was in many ways
a sequel of the Battle of Tannenberg. The German Eighth Army under Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff had tasted victory and had successfully destroyed the Russian Second Army in August 1914. The Germans now turned their attention to the Russian First Army led by Paul von Rennenkampf, which had retreated to Angerburg following the previous defeat. On September 9, 1914, Rennenkampf planned an orderly retreat for his men. While two of his divisions held back the Germans, the remaining troops retreated from East Prussia by September 13, 1914. Though a successful orderly retreat, the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes was a costly battle for the Russian Army. The Russians lost over 125,000 soldiers in the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes.

Outcome:
Though not as resounding a triumph as the Battle of Tannenberg, the victory at First Battle of the Masurian Lakes made Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff heroes in Germany. Hindenburg assumed the position of Chief of the German General Staff in 1916. The battle caused severe damage to the Russian Army in terms of causalities and morale. The resonance of these defeats stalled further Russian onslaughts on the Eastern Front until 1915. It is also noteworthy that the victory at the Eastern Front was won at the cost of the Battle of the Marne on the Western Front. The redirection of troops from the Western Front cost Germany the unsuccessful battle at Marne.



  Major Battles of World War I  
Battle of Tannenberg – 1914Battles of Gaza - 1917
Battle of Heligoland Bight - 1914Second Battle of Aisne - 1917
First Battle of Marne – 1914Second Battle of Arras - 1917
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes – 1914Battle of Messines – 1917
First Battle of Aisne – 1914Battle of Passchendaele - 1917
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes - 1914Battle of Caporetto - 1917
First Battle of Arras – 1914Battle of Cambrai - 1917
First Battle of Ypres – 1914German Spring Offensive - 1918
Gallipoli Campaign – 1915Hundred Days Offensive - 1918
Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes – 1915Battle of Mons - 1914
Battles of Isonzo – 1915Second Battle of Somme - 1918
Loos-Artois Offensive - 1915Second Battle of Marne - 1918
Battle of Verdun - 1916Battle of St Mihiel - 1918
Battle of Messines - 1917 
First Battle of Somme - 1916Battle of Vittori Veneto - 1918



For further info please get in touch with
Bill Spicer Executive VP, MapXL
For US Queries
  (408) 637-0064   bill@mapxl.com

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