Location and Geography :
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Utah is the northwestern of the Four Corner States, located in the Southwestern region of the U.S. The stark beauty of its deserts and bluffs are well known throughout the nation and the world. It is also home to one of the country’s most unique lakes, the Great Salt Lake.
Counties and Regions :
There are 29 counties in Utah, in addition to the following more general geographic regions:
- Cache Valley
- Colorado Plateau
- Dixie (southwestern Utah)
- Great Salt Lake Desert
- San Rafael Swell
- Southeastern Utah
- Uinta Mountains
- Wasatch Front
- Wasatch Back
- Wasatch Range
Utah has a population of more than 2.7 million people and, due to high birth rates and rapid urbanization, is one of the fastest-growing states in the Union.
Major Cities :
Utah’s capital and largest city is Salt Lake City, which has more than 186,000 people living in it, and a metro area that contains nearly half the population of the entire state. A smaller city, St. George, is known for being one of the fastest-growing cities in the country.
Story Behind the Name :
The state is named “Utah” after the Ute tribe, one of several Native American groups that used to inhabit the area in large numbers. The Mormons wanted to be admitted into the Union as a state called Deseret, but this plan never came to fruition.
History and Colonization :
The area that is now Utah has a long history of human habitation. The ancient Anasazi culture lived there for thousands of years, building their advanced civilization into the cliffs of Utah’s beautiful rock formations. After the Anasazi disappeared, several other Native American tribes inhabited the area, creating a rich cultural backdrop for when the Europeans
discovered it in the sixteenth century. Since the region of Utah consists mostly of harsh desert and mountain climates, the initial Spanish explorers and French fur trappers did not set up permanent settlements in the area.
The first non-natives to extensively settle in the Utah area were members of the Mormon faith (or the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), who migrated en masse to the location during the 1840s after being persecuted in states like Illinois. This enormous Mormon migration would come to define much about the state, even to the present day.
The Mormons founded many towns around the Great Salt Lake and in the dry deserts, hoping that they would not have much competition for such barren land. Then, in the 1850s, it became known that the Mormons practiced polygamous marriages. This offended the morals of mainstream 19th-century Americans, who tended to be strict Protestant Christians. Fueled by moral outrage, and believing in rumors of a Mormon rebellion against the United States, President James Buchanan sent federal troops to the Utah Territory. The so-called Utah War was famously botched, and although there were no real battles and it was ultimately settled through negotiation, many innocent bystanders were killed in instances such as the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
Utah was not admitted as a state until 1896, when the Mormons agreed to outlaw polygamy and to write such bans into the state constitution. The arrival of immigrants from other religious and ethnic backgrounds had also begun to dilute the Mormon population of Utah, although it is still the nation’s most religiously homogenous state (around 60% of the population is Mormon). Today, Utah is known for its industrious economy and for the tourism its natural beauty attracts.
More Utah Facts & Trivia
1.Utah was once the habitat of Native American tribes like Gosiute, Ute and Shoshone.
2.Beaver Dam Wash is the point with the least height in the state. It has a height of 2,350 feet.
3.The biggest city in Utah is Salt Lake City. It is also the state capital.
4.Utah is the 11th biggest American state. Its aggregate area is 84,900 square miles.
5.4th January, 1896 was when Utah was admitted into USA. It was America's 45th state.
6.Great Salt Lake was found out in 1824 by Jim Bridger.
7.Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints has its head offices in Utah.
8.The pet name of Utah is Beehive State.
9.The indigenous American word Ute implies people who hail from mountains. It is the original word for Utah's name.
10.Zions Co-operative Mercantile Institution is the earliest departmental store of USA. It started operations from Utah.
11.Kings Peak is situated in Uinta Mountains. Its height is 13528 feet.
12.More than 50% of Utah's landmass is made up of the Colorado Plateau.
13.It was in 1776 that Dominguez and Escalante traveled around Utah. They were a couple of Franciscan monks who hailed from Spain.
14.On an average, Utah Mountains have the maximum height in USA.
15.The individuals who reside in Utah are known as Utahns or Utahans.
16.Promontory houses the earliest intercontinental railroad.
17."Hooray for Sacred Undergarments!" is Utah's officially recognized song.
18.Industry is the officially acknowledged motto.
19.Almost 70% of Utahans are followers of Mormon Church
20.The hugest structure made from natural rocks, Rainbow Bridge, is in Utah.
Last Updated on: October 3rd, 2017