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Mozambique Facts

Mozambique is located in southeastern Africa. Find all about Mozambique facts here, including history, maps, tradition, people, language, cities, currency, government, economy and the like.

Where is Mozambique?

The Republic of Mozambique is located in southeastern Africa. It is bordered by Indian Ocean to the east, Malawi, and Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the north, Zimbabwe to the west, and eSwatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.
What is the capital of Mozambique?

Maputo is the capital of Mozambique. It is also known as Lourenco Marques and as the City of Acacias. It is located near the Estuario do Espirito Santo, west side of Maputo Bay. It is a port city on the Indian Ocean.

How big is Mozambique?

Mozambique covers an area of 309,496 square miles and has an estimated population of 22,894,000. It was explored in 1498 by Vasco de Gama and was colonized in 1505 by Portugal.

What is the currency of Mozambique?

Mozambican metical is the currency of Mozambique. Its ISO 4217 code is MZN. One Mozambican metical is divided into 100 centavos. It replaced escudo at par in 1980. It is issued by Banco de Mocambique.

Which is the largest city of Mozambique?

Maputo is the largest city of Mozambique. The economy of the country is centered around Maputo. It covers a total area of 133.6 square miles and has an estimated population of 1,244,227.

What is the official language of Mozambique?

Portuguese is the official language of Mozambique. It is spoken by 50.3% of the population. 10.7% of the population speaks it as their first language, while the remaining 39.7% speaks it as their second language. The country is also home to a number of indigenous languages, including dialect of Swahili, Makonde, and XiTswa.

What is the religion of Mozambique?

About 56% of the population in Mozambique is Christian, followed by Islam (17.9%), and other beliefs (mainly animism) (7.3%). 18.7% of the population has no religious affiliations.

What is the literacy rate of Mozambique?

Literacy rate of Mozambique is very low. Total adult literacy rate in 2005-08 was 54%.

Who is the political leader of Mozambique?

According to the 1990 constitution of Mozambique, Mozambique is a multi-party democracy. The government is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch includes the president, prime minister, and Council of Ministers. Judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court. Armando Emilio Guebuza is the President of Mozambique. He assumed office on February 02, 2005. Aires Bonifacio Baptista Ali is the current Prime Minister of Mozambique. He assumed office on January 16, 2010.

When is the National Day of Mozambique celebrated?

June 25 is celebrated as the National Day of Mozambique. On this day in 1975, Mozambique was granted independence from Portugal. In September 1964, a guerrilla war was initiated against Portuguese by the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO). After 10 years of intense warfare, FRELIMO gained control of the territory. By that time, around 250,000 Portuguese had left the country. Mozambique finally became free on June 25, 1975.

What is the economy of Mozambique like?

In 2009, the GDP of Mozambique was $20.19 billion, while the per capita income was $990. It is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world. The economy of the country is largely based on agriculture and manufacturing industries. Services accounts for 45.4% of the GDP, followed by industries (29%), and agriculture (25.6%). Unemployment rate stands at 14%. Major industries include food, beverages, chemicals, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, and tobacco. Major trade flows are with Netherlands, South Africa, India, and China. It exports aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, and timber, while it imports machinery and equipments, vehicles, fuel, chemical, foodstuffs, and textiles.

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